Difference between revisions of "Schengen Agreement"

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The '''Schengen Agreement''' (named after the village [[Schengen]], a village directly on the three border point of [[Germany]], [[Belgium]] and [[Luxembourg]], where it was signed), as far as travellers are concerned, basically dissolves borders control within all member countries. Once you have entered the Schengen area, you may travel freely within all member countries for 90 days in a six-month period without having to cross passport control points. If you are a citizen of one of these countries, you can travel within all member countries without any limits and without a passport. Therefore, the Schengen agreement extension will reveal to be an hassle for non-[[European Union|EU]] passport holders, as the nearest border to cross and back (for a new 90 days) will be less reachable.
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The '''Schengen Agreement''' (named after the village [[Schengen]], a village directly on the three border point of [[Germany]], [[Belgium]] and [[Luxembourg]], where it was signed), as far as travellers are concerned, basically dissolves border checks when travelling between member countries.
  
For Canadian, US, Australian and New Zealand passport holders, the remaining options will be to cross to the [[United Kingdom]]/[[Ireland]] or go down to the [[Balkans]], the [[Ukraine]], to [[Turkey]] or to [[Morocco]] once you're nearing your 90 days limits within Schengen. The UK border is probably the worst of these options in terms of chances of being sent away or denied entry.
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'''EU, EEA and Swiss citizens''' enjoy the freedom of movement within the Schengen Area - which means that they can live and work without restrictions.
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'''All other nationals''' are divided into two categories - Annex I and Annex II. Annex I includes countries such as China, India, Russia and South Africa; Annex II includes Australia, Brazil, Canada, Japan, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and the United States. For a full list, visit click [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visa_policy_in_the_European_Union here].
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Annex I nationals need a visa to enter the Schengen Area.
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Annex II nationals need a visa to enter the Schengen Area, unless they qualify for a visa exemption. All Annex II nationals can enter the Schengen Area '''''as a whole''''' visa-exempt for up to 90 days in a 180 day period. New Zealand citizens can stay visa-exempt for up to 90 days in '''''each''''' of [[Austria]], [[Belgium]], [[Czech Republic]], [[Denmark]], [[Finland]], [[France]], [[Germany]], [[Greece]], [[Iceland]], [[Italy]], [[Luxembourg]], [[The Netherlands]], [[Norway]], [[Portugal]], [[Spain]], [[Sweden]] and [[Switzerland]] without reference to time spent in other Schengen countries, but if they wish to travel to other Schengen countries, the normal 90 day every 180 days visa exemption period applies.
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Therefore, the Schengen Agreement will reveal to be a hassle for non-[[European Union|EU]] passport holders who are Annex II nationals (except for New Zealanders), because whilst previously travellers such as Americans, Australians and Canadians could spend up to 3 months visa-free in each European country, now the 3 month visa exemption applies to the Schengen Area (most of Europe) as a whole. Hence, for foreign travellers such as Canadian, US and Australian passport holders, the remaining options will be to cross to the [[United Kingdom]]/[[Ireland]] or go down to the [[Balkans]], the [[Ukraine]], to [[Turkey]] or to [[Morocco]] once nearing the end of their 90 days limit within Schengen and staying away for 90 days before re-entering a Schengen country. The UK border is probably the worst of these options in terms of chances of being sent away or denied entry.
  
 
Notice that sometimes within Schengen borders, especially while going along by train, policemen do come on board and ask to see your documents. Usually it's trouble-free, but they tend to harass Balkans and Turks more often than others.
 
Notice that sometimes within Schengen borders, especially while going along by train, policemen do come on board and ask to see your documents. Usually it's trouble-free, but they tend to harass Balkans and Turks more often than others.
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=== Future implementation ===
 
=== Future implementation ===
  
* 2010
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* 2012
** [[Liechtenstein]]
 
** [[File:Flag_of_Cyprus.png|20px]] [[Cyprus]], dependent on resolution of Cyprus conflict
 
* 2011
 
 
** [[File:Flag_Bulgaria.png|20px]] [[Bulgaria]], 27 March
 
** [[File:Flag_Bulgaria.png|20px]] [[Bulgaria]], 27 March
 
** [[File:Flag_Romania.png|20px]] [[Romania]], 27 March
 
** [[File:Flag_Romania.png|20px]] [[Romania]], 27 March
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** [[File:Flag_of_Cyprus.png|20px]] [[Cyprus]], dependent on resolution of Cyprus conflict
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==

Revision as of 14:38, 1 January 2012

The Schengen Agreement (named after the village Schengen, a village directly on the three border point of Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg, where it was signed), as far as travellers are concerned, basically dissolves border checks when travelling between member countries.

EU, EEA and Swiss citizens enjoy the freedom of movement within the Schengen Area - which means that they can live and work without restrictions.

All other nationals are divided into two categories - Annex I and Annex II. Annex I includes countries such as China, India, Russia and South Africa; Annex II includes Australia, Brazil, Canada, Japan, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and the United States. For a full list, visit click here.

Annex I nationals need a visa to enter the Schengen Area.

Annex II nationals need a visa to enter the Schengen Area, unless they qualify for a visa exemption. All Annex II nationals can enter the Schengen Area as a whole visa-exempt for up to 90 days in a 180 day period. New Zealand citizens can stay visa-exempt for up to 90 days in each of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland without reference to time spent in other Schengen countries, but if they wish to travel to other Schengen countries, the normal 90 day every 180 days visa exemption period applies.

Therefore, the Schengen Agreement will reveal to be a hassle for non-EU passport holders who are Annex II nationals (except for New Zealanders), because whilst previously travellers such as Americans, Australians and Canadians could spend up to 3 months visa-free in each European country, now the 3 month visa exemption applies to the Schengen Area (most of Europe) as a whole. Hence, for foreign travellers such as Canadian, US and Australian passport holders, the remaining options will be to cross to the United Kingdom/Ireland or go down to the Balkans, the Ukraine, to Turkey or to Morocco once nearing the end of their 90 days limit within Schengen and staying away for 90 days before re-entering a Schengen country. The UK border is probably the worst of these options in terms of chances of being sent away or denied entry.

Notice that sometimes within Schengen borders, especially while going along by train, policemen do come on board and ask to see your documents. Usually it's trouble-free, but they tend to harass Balkans and Turks more often than others.

Member States

28 European states have signed the agreement, including most European countries and three non-EU countries (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland). Ireland and the United Kingdom did not sign the treaty. 24 of these countries have implemented the agreement so far.

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Schengen countries (blue), aspirants (green) and police and judicial cooperation only (red)

Current implementation

Future implementation

    • Flag of Cyprus.png Cyprus, dependent on resolution of Cyprus conflict

External links

WikipediaW.png Wikipedia has additional encyclopedic information on Schengen Agreement