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Poland is a member state of the European Union as well as the Schengen Agreement. It is sometimes being regarded as a bad country for hitchhiking, but it can also be a great pleasure to hitchhike there. Most drivers generally believe that others do not stop and that hitchhiking days are over in Poland, which however does not prevent hundreds of them from stopping. A positive factor of hitchhiking in Poland is that some 20 to 40 years ago it was the most common way of travel for the majority of young people – and most of them have cars today, so very often do they repay the debt.
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- Białystok, Bielsko-Biała, Bydgoszcz
- Gdańsk, Gliwice, Gorzów Wielkopolski
- Katowice, Kielce, Klodzko, Koszalin, Kraków
- Łódź, Lublin
- Olsztyn, Opole
- Płock, Poznań
- Radom, Rzeszów
- Świebodzin, Swiecko, Szczecin
- Warszawa, Wrocław
- Zielona Góra
- The common way to hitchhike in Poland is to stand on the side of the road with your hand extended and/or thumb pointing upwards. Most hikers also wave their hands up and down, though this is not obligatory (and could be tiresome).
- Unlike in Western Europe, hitchhikers in Poland very rarely do write their destination on a sheet of paper or some piece of cardboard. Waving is usually enough to make a driver stop.
- There are two main groups of hitchhikers in Poland. One is typical tourists (usually youngsters), and the other is the villagers, usually elderly people, who commute from their village to the nearest town or back. It is customary that the villagers leave some small tip to the driver (usually some 10% of the bus ticket price). However, tourists are not expected to pay anything for the ride, unlike in southern Europe. There is also a category of drivers who never stop by the villagers, but very often do accept tourists. Because of that it is a good idea to place your backpack in front of you.
When entering Poland at the border from Lithuania (and possibly from other countries too) it is a good idea to get a long long ride if it's getting dark. Often there are miles and miles of trucks and it's better to try to get a ride straight to where you're heading then to get stuck somewhere in the middle of the night. If you are stuck somewhere in the middle of nowhere and it is already in the middle of the night, prepare yourself for a long waitingtime. But after a couple of hours somebody will eventually stop. Generally it's better to hitchhike on the roads rather than in the filling stations, but after dark the latter option is more plausible. During hitchhiking it might be possible that drivers use CB radios to ask other drivers to take you. CB radio is quite popular in Poland not only among truck drivers, which might help in getting a ride. Roads are often in a bad condition, though on some parts of the motorway from Kraków to Berlin it's possible (although illegal) to drive at 200 km/h.
Even though the Polish road network has improved gigantically over the last two decades, by Western European standards, Poland has a poorly developed infrastructure of roads (droga, plural drogi) and expressways (autostrada, plural autostrady). The vast majority of roads that form an extensive net covering all of the country are single lane. There are very few main expressways, and some express roads with lower speed limits than motorways but with many of their features.
Except for the few expressways, it is generally accepted to hitchhike on the side of the road in almost any suitable place. Unlike many European states, the police are generally friendly towards hitchhikers as long as they behave properly. Some of the newly-refurbished national roads have "no pedestrians" signs near major towns, but it's still uncommon. On expressways the best place to hike is either an exit or, preferably, one of the filling stations.
See also: Roads and expressways in Poland
According to a 2001 survey by CBOS (Polish survey office), roughly 42% of Poles speak at least one foreign language fluently. Generally, 23% of Poles speak Russian, 16% speak English and a similar percentage speaks German. Other languages often spoken are French, Czech, Slovak and other Slavic languages. According to the same survey, among the youngsters (students and pupils) the percentage to speak at least one foreign language fluently reached 66, as compared to 50% of those under 35 and 40% of those between 35 and 54 years of age . According to a similar survey prepared in late 2005 by TNS Opinion & Social for the European Commission, the percentage of people who speak one foreign language decently is 57%. At the same time roughly 32% are bi-lingual and 4% tri-lingual . Except for younger people, foreign languages (mostly English) are commonly spoken by businessmen and educated people (87%), urban populations (50%) and small business (48%). However, it is hard to predict the knowledge of languages of a driver by his car as educated people in Poland are generally poorly-paid.
Apart from the people who speak foreign languages, a vast majority of Poles do understand some basic constructions of other Slavic languages and of English. Due to World War II history and the number of war films created afterwards, also some basic words of the German language are commonly known.
Communication & Dictionary
The Polish language is generally hard to learn for most native English speakers. Even the most basic constructions you might need while on the road require the usage of quite complicated grammar and the use of grammatical gender, proper declension and a number of other categories non-existent in modern English. However, contrary to French or German people, Poles are generally friendly towards foreigners who try to speak their language. Because of that do not be afraid to commit mistakes. They might at times sound funny, but most Polish people would be astonished by the fact that you tried.
Apart from the basic set of words and constructions found in every guidebook, there are some words hitchhikers might find particularly useful. Check also the Wikipedia articles on Polish language and Polish phonology for more info on proper pronunciation. You can buy a decent guidebook or dictionary in any major town in Poland.
- hitchhiking – autostop / stop (“awto-stop] / [stop“)
- hitchhiker – autostopowicz (“awto-stopovich“)
- we're travelling to... – jedziemy do... (“yeh-dzhye-mee doh“)
- Where is the best place to hitchhike to...? – Skąd najlepiej łapać stopa do...? [skont nay-leh-pyey wapach stopa do...“)
- Which way to...? – Którędy do...? (“ktoo-ren-dee doh“)
- Where is the nearest...? – Gdzie jest najbliższy...? (“g'dzhe yest nay-bleezh-shee“)
- motorway exit for... – zjazd na... (“zyazd nah“)
- phone booth – budka telefoniczna (“boot-ka teh-leh-fonn-eech-nah“)
- bus stop – przystanek (“pshee-stah-nek“)
- train station – dworzec (“dvoh-zhets“)
- filling station – stacja benzynowa (“stats-yah behn-zee-nova“)
- ATM – bankomat (“bankomat“)
- dictionary – słownik (“swoh-v-nick“)
- guidebook/guide – przewodnik (“psheh-vod-nick“)
- map / plan – mapa / plan (“mah-pah] [pla-n“)
- road shoulder – pobocze (“poh-boh-cheh“)
- lane – pas (“pass“)
Here you find a map with the car registration plate codes of Poland. It facilitates hitching at spots where you can see a car registration plate (gas stations, borders, traffic lights)and choose the proper one. In short, the plates consist of two or three letters and four digits. The first letter denotes the voivodeship (region) and is followed by one or two letters denoting a major town. Usually voivodeship capitals and major towns have two letters, while smaller towns have three. For instance cars from Warsaw could have plates ranging from WA XXXX to WZ XXXX, while all cars from Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki have WND XXXX plates.