Réunion is an island situated in the Indian Ocean. It is directly administrated by the French government and as such is a part of the European Union and the Schengen space.
Temperature ranges from 20°C in winter to 35°C in summer (sea level). Rain season is in summer. And it comes rather suddenly, rains hard and stops quickly. Don't walk away from a shelter in summer.
The east side of the island is rainier than the west side (that is very dry).
Hitchhiking there is really easy.
The road system is developed on a European standard. There are no motorways.
Attention, Réunion is not yet mapped on maps.google. There is an incomplete webmap on the french site www.mappy.fr, type "Reunion" in the "ville, lieu-dit, aéroport" field. The usability of mappy is very low, be patient.
There are no trains yet
The ring road
One road goes all the way around the island. It is an expressway from St Benoit (East) northward to St Denis (north) and then to St Paul (West), St Leu (West) and St Pierre (South-West). This road is always easily accessible from the various city centers using the appropriate bus network or sometimes just walking. You can hitch on the access roads or roundabouts.
The St Paul-St Leu section is still not express, but it's planned on opening in June 2009.
The island has the shape of a cone. From the ring road, you can catch smaller roads uphill that take you in the highlands. Those are overly easy to hitchhike, since they are rather slow.
Be careful, it rains easily in the highlands, on the east side in particular.
Go the the "Barachois" on foot from the city center (the sea front), then walk along the shore westward until you reach a small bridge. Cross it over, keep going (slightly uphill) until you reach the "car jaune" (yellow coach) stop. That's the place.
There's a long line of redlights on the way east from St Denis. It's called "le Lancastel". Pick one, use a sign.