Sonora is a Mexican federal state located in the northwestern part of the country at the Gulf of California. It shares borders with the U.S. states of Arizona and New Mexico to the north, the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the west. The capital of Sonora is Hermosillo, located more or less in the center of the state. Other important cities are Guaymas at the Gulf coast, Ciudad Obregón and Navojoa in the south, the tourist town of Puerto Peñasco at the northern Gulf coast, and the border cities of San Luis Río Colorado, Nogales, Sonoita, and Agua Prieta, where a border crossing is possible. Most parts of Sonora are very dry or desert-like, with a comparatively low population density. The people of Sonora are said to be the most outgoing of Mexico.
Although located in the north of Mexico, Sonora is rather unaffected by organized crime. Only hitchhiking at night should be avoided.
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