Eastern Europe phrasebook

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This Eastern Europe phrasebook for hitchhikers is a work in progress.

Eastern Europe

Russian is probably the most important language to learn. Many older people speak or at least understand Russian, especially when their mother tongue is a Slavic language. The second most important language is probably Polish, since it is widely understood in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Lithuania and Ukraine.

Russian

  1. Hello = Здравствуйте (Привет) - Zdrastvuyte( more formal)/ Привет- Privet (more informal)
  2. Excuse me.. = Извините (Прошу прощения) - Izvinite / Proshoo(u:) proscheniya
  3. Do you possibly drive in the direction of ...? = Вы случайно не едете в сторону ...?- Vi edete v napravlenii …?
  4. Could I get a lift to...? = Вы можете меня подвезти к ...? - Vi ne mogli bi podvezti menya k …?
  5. - a petrol station / a service area / a parking place? / along the highway = заправке / сервисной зоне / парковке? - benzopravke/ rayonu(u:) obsluzhivaniya/ parkovke/ pau(o:) doroge
  6. Is the lift free? / I can't pay. = Это бесплатно? / У меня нет денег. - Yeto besplatno?/ U(u:) menya net deneg
  7. Do you speak ...? / any other languages / Could you speak slower, please? = Вы говорите на ...? / других языках? / Говорите, пожалуйста, помедленнее. - Vi govorite na…?/ drugih yazikah?Govorite, pozhal(oo(u:))ysta, medlennee.
  8. yes / no / maybe / no thanks / = Да / Нет / Может быть / Нет, спасибо - da/ net/ vozmozhno/ net, spasibo
  9. That’s great / perfect / bad / no problem = Хорошо / Отлично / Плохо / Нет проблем - Yeto velikolepno/ otlichno/ ploho/ net problem
  10. I don't understand. / I don't know. = Я не понимаю. / Я не знаю. - Ya ne ponimayu/ Ya ne znayu
  11. I'm going to ... / Where are you going to? = Мне нужно в ... (Я еду в ...) / Куда вы едете? - Mne nuzhno v … /( Ya edu(u:) v…)/ Ku(u:)da vi edete?
  12. My name is... / What's your name? / I’m from... / Where are you from? = Меня зовут ... / Как вас зовут? / Я из ... / Откуда вы? - Menya zovut …/ Kak vas zovut?/ Ya iz.../Otku(u:)da vi?
  13. I’m ... years old. / How old are you? = Мне ... лет. / Сколько вам лет?- Mne … let./ Skol’ko vam let?
  14. I study.... / My subjects are... / I’m in my ... year. / I will become a .... = Я изучаю ... / Я изучаю ... / Я на ... курсе. - Ya izuchayu… / Ya izuchayu…/ Yan a … kurse.
  15. I have a boy-friend/a girl-friend. / I'm married. = У меня есть парень/девушка. / Я [male]женат, [female]замужем.- U(u:) menya est’ paren’/devushka. Ya(male) zhenat, Ya(female) zamuzhem.
  16. I’m on holiday. / I visit friends in... / I'm hitchhiking around... = У меня каникулы / Я еду в гости к друзьям в ... / Я путешествую автостопом. - U(u:) menya kaniku(u:)/ Ya edu v gosti k druz’yam v …/ Ya pu(u:)teshestvuyu avtostopom.
  17. I will stay for... / I’m going back... = Я проведу там ... / Я возвращаюсь ...- Ya provedu tam …/ Ya vozvraschayus’…
  18. Don’t touch me! / Let me out! / Stop! / Help! = Не трогай меня! / Пусти! / Стой! (Останови!) / Помогите!-Ne troga(Λ)y menya!/ P(oo(u:))sti!/ Stoy!(Ostanovi)/Pomoghite!
  19. Can you drop me off here? = Вы можете меня здесь высадить? - Vi mozhete menya zdes’ vysadit’?
  20. Thank you! / Have a nice day/trip! = Спасибо! / Хорошей дороги! - Spasibo!/ Horoshey dorogi!
  21. Where can I find ...? = Как мне найти ...? (or just Где ...?) - Kak mne na(Λ)yti…? ( Gde?)
  22. - the city centre / a map = центр города / карту - tsentr goroda/ kartu(u:)
  23. - a toilet / a supermarket / a pharmacy / a campsite = туалет / супермаркет / аптека / место для палатки - tu(u:)a(Λ)let/supermarket/apteka/ mesto dlya palatki
  24. - an internetcafe / a cashmachine / a bank = интернет-кафе / банкомат / банк - internet-ka(Λ)fe/ ba(Λ)nkomat/ ba(Λ)nk
  25. - a metrostation / a busstation / a trainstation = станция метро / автостанция / вокзал - sta(Λ)ntsiya metro/ a(Λ)vtosta(Λ)ntsiya/ vokza(Λ)l
  26. - the highway to ... / a good hitchhikingspot = трасса в сторону ... / хорошее место для автостопа - tra(Λ)ssa v storonu(u:)…/ horoshee mesto dlya a(Λ)vtostopa
  27. water / (herbal) tea / hot chocolate / coffee = вода / (травяной) чай / горячий шоколад / кофе - voda(Λ)/ cha(Λ)y/ goryachiy shokola(Λ)d/kofe
  28. beer / (red, white) wine / juice = пиво / (красное, белое) вино / сок - pivo/(kra(Λ)snoe, beloe) vino/ sok
  29. vegetarian / diner / bread / a cheap restaurant = вегетарианец / столовая / хлеб / дешевый ресторан - vegetarianets/stolovaya/ hleb/ deshoviy restoran
  30. Cheers! / Enjoy your meal! = На здоровье! / Приятного аппетита! - Na zdorovie ! Priyatnogo appetita!
  31. I’m hungry / thirsty / fine / cold / hot / sick = Я голодный / Я хочу пить / Я в порядке / Мне холодно / Мне жарко / Мне плохо - Ya golodniy/ Ya hochu pit’ / Ya v poryadke/ Mne holodno/Mne zharko/ Mne ploho
  32. north / east / south / west = север / восток / юг / запад - sever/vostok/yug/zapad
  33. yesterday / today / tomorrow = вчера / сегодня / завтра - vchera/ segodnya/ zavtra
  34. zero / one / two / three / four / five / six / seven / eight / nine / ten = ноль / один / два / три / четыре / пять / шесть / семь / восемь / девять / десять - nol’/odin/dva/tri/chetire/pyat’/shest’/sem’/ vosem’/ devyat’/ desyat’/
  35. eleven / twelve / thirteen / fourteen / fifteen / sixteen / seventeen / eighteen / nineteen / twenty = одиннадцать / двенадцать / тринадцать / четырнадцать / пятнадцать / шестнадцать / семнадцать / восемнадцать / девятнадцать / двадцать - odinadtsat’/dvenadtsat’/trinadtsat’/chetirnadtsat’/ petnadtsat’/ shestnadtsat’/semnadtsat’/vosemnadtsat’/devetnadtsat’/ dvadtsat’
  36. twenty-one / thirty = двадцать один / тридцать - dvadtsat’ odin/ tridtsat’
  37. hour / day / week / month / kilometre = час / день / неделя / месяц / километр - chas/ den’/ nedelya/ mesyats/ kilometr
  38. left / right / straight on / before/ after = налево / направо / прямо / перед / после - nalevo/ napravo/ pryamo/ pered/ posle
  39. this / next / last / = этот / следующий / последний - Yetot/sledu(u:)yuschiy/ posledniy
  40. often / seldom / never / long / short = часто / редко / никогда / далеко / близко - chasto/redko/nikogda/ daleko/ blizko
  41. up / down / over / under = вверх / вниз / над / под - vverh/ vniz/ nad/ pod
  42. How far is it (on foot)? / Where are we? = Это далеко (пешком)? / Где мы? - Yeto daleko(peshkom)? / Gde mi?
  43. How much does it cost? / What time is it? = Сколько это стоит? / Который час? - Skol’ko yeto stoit/ Kotoriy chas?
  44. We are looking for a place to sleep. = Мы ищем где можно переночевать. - Mi ischem gde mozhno perenochevat’.
  45. Where can we buy a ticket? = Где купить билет? - Gde kupit’ bilet?
  46. Who? / What? / Where? / Why? / When? = Кто? / Что? / Где? / Почему? / Когда? - Kto?/ Chto?/ Gde?/ Pochemu(u:)?/ Kogda?
  47. How? / How much? / How long? / Which? = Как? / Сколько? / Как долго? / Какой? - Kak?/ Skol’ko?/ Kak dolgo?/ Kakoy?

Polish

It is polite to speak to an unknown person (specially older than you) using the forms "pan" (mister) for men and "pani" (mrs) for women.

  1. Hello - Cześć(informal) / Dzień dobry (good morning, good afternoon) / Dobry wieczór (good evening)
  2. Excuse me... - Przepraszam...
  3. Do you possibly drive in the direction of ...? - Czy jedzie pan/pani w kierunku ...?
  4. Could I get a lift to...?
  5. - a gasstation / a service area / a parking place? / along the highway - stacja benzynowa
  6. Is the lift free? / I can't pay.
  7. Do you speak ... (russian, english, german, french)? / any other languages / Could you speak slower, please? - Czy mowi pan/pani po ... (rosyjsku, angielsku, niemiecku, francusku)? / w jakimś obcym języku / Czy może pan/pani mówić wolniej?
  8. yes / no / maybe / no thanks - tak / nie / może / nie, dziękuję
  9. That’s great / perfect / bad / no problem - to bardzo dobrze / świetnie / źle / to nie jest problem
  10. I don't understand. / I don't know. - Nie rozumiem / Nie wiem
  11. I'm going to ... / Where are you going to?
  12. My name is... / What's your name? / I’m from... / Where are you from? - Nazywam się... / Jak się pan/pani nazywa?
  13. I’m ... years old. / How old are you? - Mam ... lat /
  14. I study.... / My subjects are... / I’m in my ... year. / I will become a .... - Studiuję...
  15. I have a boy-friend/a girl-friend. / I'm married. - Mam chłopaka/dziewczynę. / Jestem żonaty/zamężna.
  16. I’m on holiday. / I visit friends in... / I'm hitchhiking around... - Jestem na wakacjach. / Odwiedzam przyjaciół w ... / Jeżdżę autostopem w ...
  17. I will stay for... / I’m going back...
  18. Don’t touch me! / Let me out! / Stop! / Help! - Nie dotykaj mnie! / Wypuść mnie! / Przestań! / Pomocy!
  19. Can you drop me off here? - Czy może mnie pan/pani wysadzić tutaj?
  20. Thank you! / Have a nice day/trip! - Dziękuję! / Dobrego dnia/Dobrej podróży!
  21. Where can I find ...? - Gdzie moge znaleźć...?
  22. - the city centre / a map - centrum miasta / mapę
  23. - a toilet / a supermarket / a pharmacy / a campsite - toaletę / supermarket / aptekę /
  24. - an internetcafe / a cashmachine / a bank - kawiarenkę internetową / bankomat / bank
  25. - a metrostation / a busstation / a trainstation - stacja metra / przystanek autobusowy / stacja kolejowa
  26. - the highway to ... / a good hitchhikingspot - autostrada do... / dobre miejsce do łapania stopa
  27. water / (herbal) tea / hot chocolate / coffee - woda / herbata / gorąca czekolada / kawa
  28. beer / (red, white) wine / juice - piwo / (czerwone, białe) wino / sok
  29. vegetarian / diner / bread / a cheap restaurant - wegetarianin / obiad / chleb / tania restauracja
  30. Cheers! / Enjoy your meal! - Na zdrowie! / Smacznego!
  31. I’m hungry / I'm thirsty / I'm fine / I'm cold / I'm hot / I'm sick - Jestem głodny / Chce mi się pić / Wszystko w porządku / Zimno mi / Gorąco mi / Jestem chory
  32. north / east / south / west - północ / wschód / południe / zachód
  33. yesterday / today / tomorrow - wczoraj / dzisiaj / jutro
  34. zero / one / two / three / four / five / six / seven / eight / nine / ten - zero / jeden / dwa / trzy / cztery / pięć / sześć / siedem / osiem / dziewięć /dziesięć
  35. eleven / twelve / thirteen / fourteen / fifteen / sixteen / seventeen / eighteen / nineteen / twenty - jedenaście / dwanaście / trzynaście / czternaście / piętnaście / szesnaście / siedemnaście / osiemnaście / dziewiętnaście / dwadzieścia
  36. twenty-one / thirty - dwadzieścia jeden / trzydzieści
  37. hour / day / week / month / kilometre - godzina / dzień / tydzień / miesiąc / kilometr
  38. left / right / straight on / before / after - lewo / prawo / prosto / przed / za
  39. this / next / last - ten(m.)/ta(f.) / następny(m.)/następna(f.) / ostatni(m.)/ostatnia(f.)
  40. often / seldom / never / long / short - często / rzadko / nigdy
  41. up / down / over / under
  42. How far is it (on foot)? / Where are we? - Jak daleko (pieszo)? / Gdzie jesteśmy?
  43. How much does it cost? / What time is it? - Ile to kosztuje? / Która godzina?
  44. We are looking for a place to sleep.
  45. Where can we buy a ticket? - Gdzie możemy kupić bilet?
  46. Who? / What? / Where? / Why? / When? - Kto? / Co? / Gdzie? / Dlaczego? / Kiedy?
  47. How? / How much? / How long? / Which? - Jak? / Ile? / Jak długo? / Który(m.)?/Która(f.)

Czech

Czech is an incredibly difficult language to learn, but learn these few phrases and you will get around the country a lot more easily, especially outside cities.

Even names of towns can be pronounced incorrectly very easily. Consider the name of the town Olomouc, which is pronounced ollo-moats. For more information about pronouncing see the Czech phrasebook on Wikitravel.


I don't speak Czech - Nemluvím Český [naym-loo-veem ches-kee]

Do you speak English? - Mluvíte Anglicky? [mloo-vee-teh an-glits-kee]

Hello (formal) – Dobrý den [dob-ree den]

Hello (informal) – Ahoj! [a-hoy]

Help! – Pomoc! [poh-moats]

I understand - Rozumím [roz-oo-meem]

I don’t understand – Nerozumím [nay-roz-oo-meem]

It’s also worth remembering that in Czech the emphasis is nearly always on the first syllable of a word, and hardly ever on its second or third syllable.

Numbers one - jeden / jedna / jedno two - dva / dvě three - tři four - čtyři five - pět six - šest seven - sedm - pronounced "sedum" eight - osm - pronounced "osum" nine - devět ten - deset eleven - jedenáct twelve - dvanáct thirteen - třináct fourteen - čtrnáct fifteen - patnáct sixteen - šestnáct seventeen - sedmnáct - pronounced "sedumnáct" eighteen - osmnáct - pronounced "osumnáct" nineteen - devatenáct twenty - dvacet twenty one - dvacet jedna twenty two - dvacet dva twenty three - dvacet tři thirty - třicet forty - čtyřicet fifty - padesát sixty - šedesát seventy - sedmdesát - pronounced "sedumdesát" eighty - osmdesát - pronounced "osumdesát" ninety - devadesát one hundred - sto two hundred - dvě stě three hundred - tři sta four hundred - čtyři sta five hundred - pět set

  1. Hello - Ahoj (informal) / Dobrý večer (good morning) / dobrý večer (good evening)
  2. Excuse me... - promiňte
  3. Do you possibly drive in the direction of Prague? - Jedete směrem do Prahy?
  4. Could I get a lift to ...? Můžete mne vzít ...
  5. - a gasstation / a parking place? / along the highway - k benzínce / na parkoviště / k dálnici
  6. Can you lift me to … for free? / I can't pay. Můžete mne vzít zdarma do … ? Nemohu to zaplatit.
  7. Do you speak a foreign language? / Could you speak slower, please? - mluvíte nějakou cizí řečí? / Můžete prosím mluvit pomaleji.
  8. yes / no / maybe / no thanks - ano / ne / možná / ne děkuji
  9. That’s great / perfect / bad / no problem - to je vynikající / perfektní / špatný / to není problém
  10. I don't understand. / I don't know. - nerozumím / nevím
  11. I'm going to ... / Where are you going to? ja jdu do. kam jdete
  12. My name is... / What's your name? / I’m from... / Where are you from? Jmenuji se … / Jak se jmenujete? / Jsem z … / Odkud jste?
  13. I’m ... years old. / How old are you? - Je mi ... let/ Kolik je ti?
  14. I study.... / My subjects are... / I’m in my ... year. / I will become a ....
  15. I have a boy-friend/a girl-friend. / I'm married.
  16. I’m on holiday. / I visit friends in... / I'm hitchhiking around... - ..
  17. I will stay for... / I’m going back...
  18. Don’t touch me! / Let me out! / Stop! / Help! - Nešahejte na mne! / Pusťte mě ven! / Zastavte! / Pomóc!
  19. Can you drop me off here? Tady mi můžete zastavit ?
  20. Thank you! / Have a nice day! - Děkuji! / Pěkný den!
  21. Where can I find ...? - Kde mohu najít ...?
  22. - the city centre / a map - cetrum města / mapa
  23. - a toilet / a supermarket / a pharmacy / a campsite - záchod / obchod / lékárna / kempink
  24. - an internetcafe / a cashmachine / a bank - internetová kavárna / bankomat / banka
  25. - a metrostation / a busstation / a trainstation - zastávka metra / autobusová zastávka / vlakové nádraží
  26. - the highway to ... / a good hitchhikingspot -
  27. water / tea / hot chocolate / coffee - woda / čaj / horká čokoláda / káva
  28. beer / (red, white) wine / juice - piwo / (červené, bílé) víno / džus
  29. vegetarian / diner / bread / a cheap restaurant
  30. Cheers! / Enjoy your meal!
  31. I’m hungry / thirsty / fine / cold / hot / sick
  32. north / east / south / west - sever / východ / jih / západ
  33. yesterday / today / tomorrow - včera / dnes / zítra
  34. zero / one / two / three / four / five / six / seven / eight / nine / ten - nula / jeden / dva / tři / čtyři / pět / šest / sedum / osum / devět /deset
  35. eleven / twelve / thirteen / fourteen / fifteen / sixteen / seventeen / eighteen / nineteen / twenty - jedenáct / dvanáct / třináct / čtrnáct /patnáct/ šestnáct / sedmumnáct / osumnáct / devatenáct / dvacet
  36. twenty-one / thirty - dvacet jedna / třicet
  37. hour / day / week / month / kilometre - hodina / den / týden / měsíc / kilometr
  38. left / right / straight on / before / after - vlevo / vpravo / rovno / před
  39. this / next / last - to / další / poslední
  40. often / seldom / never / long / short
  41. up / down / over / under - nahoru /dolu/přes/ pod
  42. How far is it (on foot)? / Where are we? - Jak daleko je to(pěšky)? / Kde jsme?
  43. How much does it cost? / What time is it? - Kolik to stojí? / kolik je hodin?
  44. We are looking for a place to sleep.
  45. Where can we buy a ticket? - Kde si mohu koupit lístek?
  46. Who? / What? / Where? / Why? / When? - Kdo? / Co? / Kde? / Proč? / Kdy?
  47. How? / How much? / How long? / Which? - Jak? / kolik? / Jak dłuoho? / Který(m.)? / Která(f.)

Slovak

(to be filled, but similar to czech)

Lithuanian

  1. Hello - Labas
  2. Excuse me.. - Atsiprašau ..
  3. Do you possibly drive in the direction of ...? - Gal jūs vairuojate link ...?
  4. Could I get a lift...? - Ar galėtumėte pavežti ...?
    1. to a gas station - iki degalinės
    2. to a parking place? - iki automobilių stovimo aikštelės
    3. along the highway - palei autostradą
  5. Is the lift free? / I (we) can't pay - Ar pavežtumėte nemokamai? / Aš (mes) negaliu (negalime) mokėti.
  6. Do you speak ...? / any other languages / Could you speak slower, please? - Ar jūs kalbate ...? / kokią nors kitą kalbą / Atsiprašau, ar galėtumete kalbėti lėčiau?
  7. yes / no / maybe / no thanks - taip / ne / gal / ne, ačiū
  8. That’s great / perfect / bad / no problem - Puiku / Gerai / Blogai / Jokių problemų
  9. I don't understand. / I don't know - Aš nesuprantu. / Nežinau.
  10. I'm going to ... / Where are you going to? - Aš keliauju į ... / Kur keliaujate jūs?
  11. My name is... / What's your name? / I’m from... / Where are you from? - Mano vardas yra ... / Koks jūsų vardas? / Esu iš ... / Iš kur esate jūs?
  12. I’m ... years old. / How old are you? - Esu ... metų amžiaus. / Kiek jums metų?
  13. I study.... / My subjects are... / I’m in my ... year. / I will become a .... - Aš studijuoju .... / Mano dalykai yra ... / Tai mano ... studijų metai. / Aš busiu .... pagal profesiją.
  14. I have a boy-friend/a girl-friend. / I'm married. - Aš turiu vaikiną/merginą. / Esu vedęs (woman should say Esu ištekėjusi )
  15. I’m on holiday. / I visit friends in... / I'm hitchhiking around... - Aš esu atostogose. / Lankau draugus ... / Keliauju autostopu aplink ...
  16. I will stay for... / I’m going back... - Aš busiu čia ... / Važiuosiu atgal ...
  17. Don’t touch me! / Let me out! / Stop! / Help! - Neliesk manęs! / Išleisk mane! / Sustok! / Padėkit! (hope you never have to say that)
  18. Can you drop me off here? - Ar galite išleisti mane čia?
  19. Thank you! / Have a nice day! / Have a nice trip! - Ačiū! / Geros dienos! / Laimingos kelionės!
  20. Where can I find ...? - Kur galėčiau rasti ...?
    1. the city center - miesto centrą
    2. a (city) map - (miesto) žemėlapį
    3. a toilet - tualetą
    4. a supermarket - supermarketą
    5. a pharmacy - vaistinę
    6. a campsite - stovyklavietę
    7. an internetcafe - interneto kavinę
    8. a cashmachine - bankomatą
    9. a bank - banką
    10. a metrostation - metro
    11. a busstation - autobusų stotį
    12. a trainstation - traukinių stotį
    13. the highway to ... - automagistralę link...
      1. a good hitchhiking spot - gerą vietą autostopui
    14. water - vandens
    15. (herbal/green/black) tea - (žolelių/žalios/juodos) arbatos
    16. hot chocolate - karštą šokoladą
    17. coffee / good coffee place - kavos / geros kavinės
    18. beer - alaus
    19. (red, white) wine - (raudono, baltojo) vyno
    20. juice - sulčių
    21. vegetarian (vegan) food / restaurant - vegetariško (veganiško) maisto / kavinę
    22. bread - duonos
    23. a cheap restaurant - pigų restoraną
  21. Cheers! - Į sveikatą!
  22. Enjoy your meal! - Skanaus!
  23. I’m fine - Laikausi puikiai
  24. I’m... - Esu...
    1. hungry - alkanas
    2. thirsty - ištroškęs
    3. cold - sušalęs
    4. sweaty - suprakaitavęs
    5. sick - susirgęs
  25. north / east / south / west - į šiaurę / į rytus / į pietus / į vakarus
  26. yesterday / today / tomorrow - vakar / šiandien / rytoj
  27. Numbers: nulis 0 / vienas 1 / du 2 / tris 3 / keturi 4 / penki 5 / šeši 6 / septyni 7 / aštuoni 8 / devyni 9 / dešimt 10 / vienuolika 11 / dvylika 12 / trylika 13 / keturiolika 14 / penkiolika 15 / šešiolika 16 / septyniolika 17 / aštuoniolika 18 / devyniolika 19 / dvidešimt 20 / dvidešimt vienas 21 / trisdešimt 30 / šimtas 100 / tūkstantis 1'000
  28. hour / day / week / month / kilometre - valanda / diena / savaitė / mėnnuo / kilometras
  29. left / right / straight on / before/ after this / next / last - kairė / dešinė / tiesiai / prieš / po (už) / kitas / paskutinis
  30. often / seldom / never / long / short - dažnai / retai / niekada / ilgai / trumpai
  31. up / down / over / under - aukštyn / žemyn / virš / po
  32. How far is it (on foot)? / Where are we? - Kaip toli iki ten jei eiti pėsčiomis? / Kur mes esame?
  33. How much does it cost? / What time is it? - Kiek tai kainuoja? / Kuri dabar valanda?
  34. We are looking for a place to sleep. - Mes ieškome kur pernakvoti.
  35. Where can we buy a ticket? - Kur mes galime nusipirkti bilietą?
  36. Who? / What? / Where? / Why? / When? - Kas? / Kas? / Kur? / Kodėl? / Kada?
  37. How? / How much? / How long? / Which? - Kaip? / Kiek? / Kaip ilgai? / Kuris?

Hungarian

Vocabulary

  • Hitchhiking - stoppolás, stop [shtopolash, shtop]
  • High-way - autópálya [autopaya]
  • Petrol station - benzinkút [benzeenkut]
  • Ring road - körgyűrű [koerdyuru]
  • Map - térkép
  • Bus stop - buszmegálló [bus-megh-allo]


Greetings

  • Hello - hello, szia [seeya]
  • Good day - jó napot [yo napot]
  • Good morning - jó reggelt [yo reghelt]
  • Good evening - jó estét [yo eshtet]
  • Goodbye - viszlát [whislat]
  • Bye - viszlát, hello
  • Thank you - köszönöm [koesoenoem]
  • Thanks - köszi [koesi]

Directions

  • From - -ból, -ből [at the end of a word, like Londonból.]
  • Towards - felé [eg. Budapest felé]
  • Through - keresztül -on, -en, ön [eg. keresztül Pécsen, keresztül Győrön] or át -on, -en, -ön [eg. át Budapesten]
  • (To the) left - bal(ra) [bal(ra)]
  • (To the) right - jobb(ra) [yobb(ra)]
  • Straignt on - egyenesen (edyeneshen)
  • Where are you going to? - Merre mész? [Merre mes?]
  • I'm travelling to ... - ... felé megyek. [... fele medyek]
  • Please, stop here - Állj meg itt, légyszi
  • A bit further - Kicsit előrébb [kitcheet eloerebb]


General

  1. Hello - Hello
  2. Excuse me.. - Elnézést,... [al-neh-zesht]
  3. Do you possibly drive in the direction of ...? - Ugye ... felé mész? [uh-dje ... feleh mehs]
  4. Could I get a lift to...? - El tudnál vinni ...? [al tuhd-nahl vinny ...]
  5. - a gasstation / a service area / a parking place? / along the highway - - egy benzinkút [ehdj benzeenkut] / egy pihenő [ehdj pee-henoe] / egy parkoló [ehdj paarkolo] / az autópályán [az autopayahn]
  6. Is the lift free? / I can't pay.- Ingyen viszel?[Indjen whis-al] / Nem tudok fizetni. [nem to-dok fee-zet-nee]
  7. Do you speak ...? / any other languages / Could you speak slower, please? - Beszélsz... ? / Másik nyelven? / Kérlek, lassabban beszélj?
  8. yes / no / maybe / no thanks /- igen / nem / talán / nem, köszönöm
  9. That’s great / perfect / bad / no problem - Nagyszerű / tökéletes / rossz / nem probléma
  10. I don't understand. / I don't know.- Nem értem. / Nem tudom.
  11. I'm going to ... / Where are you going to?- ... felé megyek. / Merre mész?
  12. My name is... / What's your name? / I’m from... / Where are you from?- ...-nak hívnak. / Hogy hívnak? / ...-ból jövök. / Honnan származol?
  13. I’m ... years old. / How old are you? - ... éves vagyok. / Hány éves vagy?
  14. I study.... / My subjects are... / I’m in my ... year. / I will become a .... - ... -ot tanulok. / Tantárgyaim ... / ... évben vagyok. / ... leszek.
  15. I have a boy-friend/a girl-friend. / I'm married. - Van barátom/barátnőm. / Házas vagyok.
  16. I’m on holiday. / I visit friends in... / I'm hitchhiking around... - Nyaralok. / Barátokat látogatok ...-ban. / ... fele stoppolok.
  17. I will stay for... / I’m going back... - ... ideig maradok. / ... megyek vissza.
  18. Don’t touch me! / Let me out! / Stop! / Help! - Ne érj hozzám! / Engedj ki! / Állj! / Segítség!
  19. Can you drop me off here? - Ki tudnál itt tenni?
  20. Thank you! / Have a nice day/trip! - Köszönöm! / Jó napot/utat!
  21. Where can I find ...? - Hol találom ...?
  22. - the city centre / a map - a városközpont(ot) / egy térkép(et)
  23. - a toilet / a supermarket / a pharmacy / a campsite - egy vécé(t) / egy szupermarket(ot) / egy patiká(t) / egy kemping(et)
  24. - an internetcafe / a cashmachine / a bank - egy internetkávézó(t) / egy bankautomatá(t) / egy bank(ot)
  25. - a metrostation / a busstation / a trainstation - egy metróállomás(t) / egy buszállomás(t) / a főpályaudvar(t)
  26. - the highway to ... / a good hitchhikingspot - az autópályá(t) ... fele / egy jó stopphely(et)
  27. water / (herbal) tea / hot chocolate / coffee - víz / (gyógy) teá / forró csoki / kávé
  28. beer / (red, white) wine / juice - sör / (vörös, fehér) bor / üdítő
  29. vegetarian / diner / bread / a cheap restaurant - vega / ebéd / kenyér / egy olcsó étterem
  30. Cheers! / Enjoy your meal! - Egészségedre! / Jó étvágyat!
  31. I’m hungry / thirsty / fine / cold / hot / sick - Éhes vagyok! / szomjas / oké / hideg / forró / beteg
  32. north / east / south / west - észak / kelet / dél / nyugat
  33. yesterday / today / tomorrow - tegnap / ma / holnap
  34. zero / one / two / three / four / five / six / seven / eight / nine / ten - nulla / egy / kettő / három / négy / öt / hat / hét / nyolc / kilenc / tíz
  35. eleven / twelve / thirteen / fourteen / fifteen / sixteen / seventeen / eighteen / nineteen / twenty - tizenegy / tizenkettő / tizenhárom / tizennégy / tizenöt / tizenhat / tizenhét / tizennyolc / tizenkilenc / húsz
  36. twenty-one / thirty - huszonegy / harminc
  37. hour / day / week / month / kilometre - óra / nap / hét / hónap / kilométer
  38. left / right / straight on / before/ after - bal / jobb / egyenesen / előtte / utána
  39. this / next / last / - ez / következő / utolsó
  40. often / seldom / never / long / short - gyakran / ritkán / soha / hosszú / rövid
  41. up / down / over / under - fel / le/ felett / alatt
  42. How far is it (on foot)? / Where are we? - Milyen messze van (gyalog)? / Hol vagyunk?
  43. How much does it cost? / What time is it? - Mennyibe kerül? / Mennyi az idő?
  44. We are looking for a place to sleep. - Helyet keresünk, ahol alhatunk.
  45. Where can we buy a ticket? - Hol vehetünk jegyeket?
  46. Who? / What? / Where? / Why? / When? - Ki? / Mi? / Hol? / Miért? / Mikor?
  47. How? / How much? / How long? / Which? - Hogyan? / Mennyi? / Milyen hosszú? / Melyik?

Slovenian

Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian

The Serbian Travel Club offers a Serbian Phrasebook as well as a special Phrasebook for Hitchhiking.

Bulgarian

Romanian


Romanian is one of the few non-Slavic East-European languages. It is related to French, Italian, Spanish etc. but with quite a few words mixed in also. Speakers of one of these languages will find it easier to pronounce and understand Romanian.

Romanian phrasebook

Albanian

Greek

Turkish

Turkish is a bit hard in grammar and pronounciation but if you know some tips it's very easy.

Ş:sh Ç:ch

Merhaba - Hello(formal)

Selam - Hello(informal)

Afedersiniz - Excuse me

Evet - Yes Hayır - No Biraz - A little bit

Teşekkürler - Thanks Tamam - Okay

İngilizce konuşabilir misiniz? - Can you speak English?

Anlamıyorum - I don't understand

Bilmiyorum - I don't know

.........'a gidiyorum - I'm going to ........

Bu harika - That's great Çok iyi - Very good

Sorun yok - No problem Çok kötü - Very bad

Benim ismim ....,sizin isminiz ne? - My name is ....,what's your name?

.... yaşındayım - I'm ... years old

Nerelisiniz? - Where are you from?

........'dan geliyorum - I'm coming from .....

Bekarım - I'm single Evliyim - I'm married

Erkek(M)/kız(F) arkadaşım var - I have a boyfriend/girlfriend

Bana dokunma! - Don't touch me! İmdat! - Help!

Lütfen bana yardım edin! - Help me please!

Dur - Stop! İstemiyorum - I don't want

İnmek istiyorum - I want to get off

Burada inebilir miyim? - Can i drop off here?

Günaydın - Good morning İyi günler - Have a good day

İyi akşamlar - Good evening İyi geceler - Good night

Hoşçakal - Good bye Görüşürüz - See you

Water - Su Beer - Bira Wine - Şarap

Meyve suyu - Fruit juice

Ekmek - Bread Yemek - Meal

Açım / susadım / üşüdüm - I'm hungry / thirsty / cold

....... nerede? / Where is ......?

Uzak mı? - Is it far? Yakın mı? - Is it close?

Doğu - East West - Batı Kuzey - North Güney - South

Uyumak için bir yer arıyorum - I'm looking for a place to sleep

Ucuz - Cheap Pahalı - Expensive

Nasıl? - How? Why? - Neden? Who? - Kim?

Saat kaç? - What time is it?

Kaç para? - How much does it cost?

Numbers in Turkish

1-bir 2-iki 3-üç 4-dört 5-beş 6-altı 7-yedi 8-sekiz 9-dokuz 10-on