Eastern Europe phrasebook

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This Eastern Europe phrasebook for hitchhikers is a work in progress.

Eastern Europe

Russian is probably the most important language to learn. Many older people speak or at least understand Russian, especially when their mother tongue is a Slavic language. The second most important language is probably Polish, since it is widely understood in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Lithuania and Ukraine.

Russian

Polish

Czech

Czech is an incredibly difficult language to learn, but learn these few phrases and you will get around the country a lot more easily, especially outside cities.

Even names of towns can be pronounced incorrectly very easily. Consider the name of the town Olomouc, which is pronounced ollo-moats.


I don't speak Czech - Nemluvím Český [naym-loo-veem ches-kee]

Do you speak English? - Mluvíte Anglicky? [mloo-vee-teh an-glits-kee]

Hello (formal) – Dobrý den [dob-ree den]

Hello (informal) – Ahoj! [a-hoy]

Help! – Pomoc! [poh-moats]

I understand - Rozumím [roz-oo-meem]

I don’t understand – Nerozumím [nay-roz-oo-meem]


It’s also worth remembering that in Czech the emphasis is nearly always on the first syllable of a word, and hardly ever on its second or third syllable.

Slovak

Hungarian

Slovenian

Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian

Bulgarian

Romanian


Romanian is one of the few non-Slavic East-European languages. It is related with French, Italian, Spanish etc. Speakers of one of these languages will find it easier to pronounce and understand Romanian.

Romanian phrasebook

Albanian

Greek

Turkish

Turkish is a bit hard in grammar and pronounciation but if you know some tips it's very easy.Make sure,speaking a few words Turkish makes you more sympathic.

Ş:sh Ç:ch

Merhaba - Hello(formal)

Selam - Hello(informal)

Afedersiniz - Excuse me

Evet - Yes Hayır - No Biraz - A little bit

Teşekkürler - Thanks Tamam - Okay

İngilizce konuşabilir misiniz? - Can you speak English?

Anlamıyorum - I don't understand

Bilmiyorum - I don't know

.........'a gidiyorum - I'm going to ........

Bu harika - That's great Çok iyi - Very good

Sorun yok - No problem Çok kötü - Very bad

Benim ismim ....,sizin isminiz ne? - My name is ....,what's your name?

.... yaşındayım - I'm ... years old

Nerelisiniz? - Where are you from?

........'dan geliyorum - I'm coming from .....

Bekarım - I'm single Evliyim - I'm married

Erkek(M)/kız(F) arkadaşım var - I have a boyfriend/girlfriend

Bana dokunma! - Don't touch me! İmdat! - Help!

Lütfen bana yardım edin! - Help me please!

Dur - Stop! İstemiyorum - I don't want

İnmek istiyorum - I want to get off

Burada inebilir miyim? - Can i drop off here?

Günaydın - Good morning İyi günler - Have a good day

İyi akşamlar - Good evening İyi geceler - Good night

Hoşçakal - Good bye Görüşürüz - See you

Water - Su Beer - Bira Wine - Şarap

Meyve suyu - Fruit juice

Ekmek - Bread Yemek - Meal

Açım / susadım / üşüdüm - I'm hungry / thirsty / cold

....... nerede? / Where is ......?

Uzak mı? - Is it far? Yakın mı? - Is it close?

Doğu - East West - Batı Kuzey - North Güney - South

Uyumak için bir yer arıyorum - I'm looking for a place to sleep

Ucuz - Cheap Pahalı - Expensive

Nasıl? - How? Why? - Neden? Who? - Kim?

Saat kaç? - What time is it?

Kaç para? - How much does it cost?

Numbers in Turkish

1-bir 2-iki 3-üç 4-dört 5-beş 6-altı 7-yedi 8-sekiz 9-dokuz 10-on