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Canada

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|pop = 34,001,000 (2009 est.)
|currency = Canadian Dollar ($CAD)
|hitch = {{good}} to {{very good}}<rating country='ca' />|BW = CA|neighbour = ([[Greenland]]), [[Saint-Pierre and Miquelon|Saint Pierre and Miquelon]] (''incorporated''), [[United States of America]]
}}
'''For specific information about provinces and territories, see the bottom of the page.'''
'''Canada''' is the northernmost country of [[North America]] and is comprised of ten provinces and three territories. English and French are the two official languages of the country. English, being spoken by 3/4 of the population, is the majority language in most provinces. French is the main official language in the province of Quebec, but also widely spoken in New Brunswick and some areas of Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Manitoba. Inuktitut is the main language in Nunavut and has official status there but English is still widely spoken. For the convenience of the common hitchhiker the provinces and territories are discussed in detail, along with their capitals, in separate pages.
 
Canada is a vast country (the second biggest in the world) and many visitors do not realize its size or extremes in temperature prior to arrival. Certain northern rural regions are inhabited by few or even no permanent population, so it might not always be bright to adventure by yourself into some wild or less inhabited part of the country without the proper equipment or having registered yourself to some local authorities prior to such a journey. As a simple reminder, the density of population is about 3.2 habitants/km², and about 75 % of that population lives in the south, nestled by the US border. It is normal in some parts of the country to drive a hundred kilometres without any living soul.
 
Even if the country bears some similitude with its southern (and only) neighbour, the [[United States]], the cultural and life outlook of the population is markedly unique.
For a journey across the country, the [[Trans-Canada Highway]] is the main road crossing the country east to west. However, the highway system numbering system is specific to every province.
 
=== Local Attitude ===
The majority of the Canadian population lives in harmony within their vast country. The size of the country has allowed people to live using their own beliefs, languages or religion without being bothered by anybody else, in a 'Live and let live' motto. Therefore, hate crimes are mostly absent and major ''difference'' clashes even rarer, but may exist. It might be useful for a traveler to be aware of the current political situation to avoid getting into a discussion which may offend more than anything else. Sometimes, during such situations, it might not be helpful to hitchhike as a white in a First Nation reserve, or sound French in an English area, or visa versa. That said, Canadians are generally friendly and forget their stereotypes once they meet you in person.
 
The rural population will usually be keen to help if the traveler is making the first steps into breaking the 'stranger in the locality' image, as the split between country- and city-folk is also existent. The rural community feeling is usually pretty strong and when people believe you belong there and act more altruistic. However, some rural regions have large populations of urban commuters which has the tendency to bring a more individualistic mentality.
=== Car Number Plate ===
Just like its southern neighbour, the [[United States of America|United States]], every provinces are issuing their own specific car plates. For example, a car from Manitoba will have a specific [[wikipedia:License plates of Canada|Car licenses]] tagged as such.
== Telecommunication = Local attitude ===The best and cheapest way is to contact people in the area you are is to find the nearest phone booth. There are plenty within the cities and even Even if the in country side; usually you will find one by every petrol station, or by shops or restaurants. Unlike many countries, they are usually in good condition, so always make sure to have a pre-paid phone-card or a few 'quarters' available. Local calls cost a quarter (25 cents) but in bears some areas what seems to be a local call will in fact be a 'long distance call' and the phone will request an higher amount. It's simplest to call using pre-paid calling cards. You can make calls from public phones without using coins when you dial the card's toll-free "1-800" number, and, for many of these cards, there is no extra fee for making the call from a public phone. Credit is deducted from the card at the same rate as similitude with calls from land-lines. Most cards will cost somewhere between 2 its southern (and 10 cents per minute for calls to anywhere in Canada. The sameonly) neighbour, or similar, rates will often apply to calls to the [[United States of America|United States]], the cultural and parts life outlook of Europe as wellthe population is markedly unique.
If The majority of the Canadian population lives in harmony within their vast country. The size of the person you are trying country has allowed people to contact is expecting live using their own beliefs, languages or religion without being bothered by anybody else, in a call from you'Live and let live' motto. Therefore, hate crimes are mostly absent and you donmajor ''t have a pre-paid phone card, you can also try to call them difference'collect'clashes even rarer, but may exist. It usually costs less might be useful for a traveler to be aware of the current political situation to avoid getting into a discussion which may offend more than the amount requested by the booth and anything else. Sometimes, during such situations, it is normal practice (does might not apply for mobile phones!) be helpful to receive and accept collect callhitchhike as a white in a First Nation reserve, or sound French in an English area, or visa versa. To do a collect call That said, simply dial '0' Canadians are generally friendly and follow the instructions of the operatorforget their stereotypes once they meet you in person.
Mobile phones are not widely spread within The rural population will usually be keen to help if the country and traveler is making the first steps into breaking the 'stranger in the networks are expensivelocality' image, unreliable, primitive as the split between country- and only cover certain urban areascity-folk is also existent. A mobile phone user The rural community feeling is usually has to pay to make pretty strong and when people believe you belong there and receive callsact more altruistic. However, and will likely some rural regions have no signal when he leaves large populations of urban commuters which has the nearest citytendency to bring a more individualistic mentality.
Internet cafés are rare and will only exist in main urban and touristic centres. They are not frequented by locals, so it It is possible worth noting that nobody knows if there is one in the surrounding area. In rural areasQuebec, Internet may be limited to dial-up only. In most Canadian cities and towns of significant size, there are public libraries which offer free internet access to the general public - regardless of where you are fromcarshare website "AmigoExpress" is extremely popular. This is generally the best bet Worth checking out if a bit pressed for travelers without their own computer or access to a friend's. If there are several people waiting to use them though, you may time and have to wait a while for one bit of cash to be availablespare. You'll usually be given There are more than 50 rides a time block day between Quebec and Montreal at costs of anywhere from 10-15 minutes to one hour. Many college and university libraries also provide free internet access to the public. Ask the circulation desk staff. College and university guest accounts will let you use the Internet as much as you like, but only for the current dayCAD.
== [[Winter]] hitchhiking ==
'''Be careful!'''
 
Canada is a vast country (the second biggest in the world) and many visitors do not realize its size or extremes in temperature prior to arrival. Certain northern rural regions are inhabited by few or even no permanent population, so it might not always be bright to adventure by yourself into some wild or less inhabited part of the country without the proper equipment or having registered yourself to some local authorities prior to such a journey. As a simple reminder, the density of population is about 3.2 habitants/km², and about 75 % of that population lives in the south, nestled by the US border. It is normal in some parts of the country to drive a hundred kilometres without any living soul.
With temperature often dropping beneath −30 Celsius, you should not stand outside more than 15 minutes. It's VERY important to make sure you wear the appropriate gear and take precautions to never be stuck anywhere outside without shelter.
In some areas, especially in the northern territories, every citizen is bound by law to provide help and safety to every citizen in need from the hazards of temperature and nature. The reaction towards that will often differ, going from immediate support to a 'where have you left your brain!?!? being out by this weather!'. Your actions may be perceived as quite stupid and irresponsible to have dared outside without being prepared for the weather, as most locals prefer to enjoy the cosiness of their home in winter storms. For that reason, shops, restaurants, or gas stations usually won't kick you off their property in extreme weather. In the summer it's different, and you may be asked to leave if there is no danger from the outside elements.
== Border Crossing Experiences ==Canada has only one neighbour, ''I have hitchhiked many thousands of miles through most of the provinces. Getting rides is usually slightly easier than the [[United States]], but harder in some places. The cost of food makes travel here very expensive. Border crossing as an American citizen is incredibly frustrating! It usually takes four to six hours of intense interrogation of myself and even if this border is known as violation of the longest unprotected border privacy of other people in my life. The first time I was held and interrogated for over six hours and eventually turned away because I couldn't provide documentation proving that I had a reason to return to the worldstates; they wanted me to buy a return bus ticket to prove I was only staying a short while, sorry, entering the country as not happening! Well I got a backpackerlittle crafty with their requirements and subsequent attempts to enter have been easier, hiker or hitchhiker might be heh. You may have to get creative, but where there's a hardwill, especially since 2001there's a way. The border control Don't give up! This is quite tighta beautiful country!'' [[User:Thewindandrain|Thewindandrain]] ([[User talk:Thewindandrain|talk]]) 00:45, especially since the unproven allegation that some terrorists came from Canada. Questions might be asked about the relations between passengers in a car.5 June 2013 (CEST)
Because of these strong security measures, a hitchhiker probably will have to cross the border by foot and start again once the control is done. You might also discuss with your driver beforehand in the matter to get to know each other and to ensure that everything will be alright with the crossing and that s/he is fine with the hassle (or fine waiting for you if you are being interrogated). The vast majority of the drivers will be frisky at helping a stranger to cross from Canada to the States in their car. The best way to be at a border control is too remain calm, be confident, do not lie and simply answer the questions as asked without being witty or vague. Just remember that you do not have to tell that you are bumming around and bring some suspicious travelling plan (yes, hiking and hitching around in a ''blown by the wind way'' is a suspicious thing! Especially for the the average citizen!). So just be reliable, show enthusiasm and that your adventure is part of a life plan holiday... not a way to escape reality. It is custom to be asked to prove that you have the means to sustain your holiday (money) and that your holiday is part of a plan (a return ticket). Also bear in mind that most Canadian and American land crossing control are separated from each other by a no man's land short distance between the two borders in which you will only be controlled by the welcoming country. So if you get denied entrance by one, you will have further enquiry to enter back into the country you came from. ==Nomadwiki & Trashwiki === While Crossing the Border =====Don't panic! Just because a border guard treats you like a scumbag doesn't mean you are one. Armed with this attitude try and maintain your dignity and self-confidence throughout the encounter and the guard will more likely respect you (even if he or she doesn't show it). Trust me, things will go more smoothly. If you're passing the border inside a car, don't advertise the fact that you are a hitchhiker. But if it becomes obvious, don't try and deny it, either. Remember, there's no shame in hitching. === Passports for U.S. and Canadian citizens ===From Summer 2009 on, U.S. and Canadian citizens are required to show a passport to cross the border. Also, if you are a U.S. citizen going into Canada or a Canadian going into the U.S., a guard can deny you entry for a number of reasons (usually because of a criminal record or you don't look like you have enough money for lunch at a fast-food restaurant). ''Every border crossing point will usually be discussed in greater details in the appropriate province page.''
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{{Provinces Canada}}
{{IsIn|North America}}
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[[trash:Canada]]
 
[[Category:Canada| ]]
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