Difference between revisions of "Jerusalem"

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|district = Jerusalem District
 
|district = Jerusalem District
 
|map = <map lat='31.78' lng='35.22' zoom='11' view='0' country='Israel'/>
 
|map = <map lat='31.78' lng='35.22' zoom='11' view='0' country='Israel'/>
|pop = 747,600 (2007)
+
|pop = 882,652 (2016); Metropolitan Area 1,027,400 (2008)
|motorways = 1, 60
+
|highways = 1, 50, 60, 443
 
}}
 
}}
'''Jerusalem''' is a city in the [[Middle East]], under dispute between [[Israel]] and the Palestinians, both claiming it to be their capital city.
+
'''Jerusalem''' is the largest city in Israel and the capital of the state since its establishment in 1948. Jerusalem's status is under dispute between [[Israel]] and the Palestinians. The Palestinians have claims to the city including a claim to be their capital city.
  
 
== Hitching in ==
 
== Hitching in ==
Be aware that Jerusalem is quite diffferent from Tel Aviv. Some inhabitants and areas are very religious and "modesty" is appreciated and sometimes somewhat violently enforced. Best not to wear mini skirts and other outfits you would wear at the beach in Tel Aviv.
+
Jerusalem is quite different from Tel Aviv, there is a lot of religious communities in the city. In '''religious neighborhoods''', it can be perceived as offensive not to dress modestly, and can attract unwelcomed attention. However, in the city center and old city (not inside the religious sites themselves, obviously) there is no such problem.
 +
You can hitch hike in the nighbourhods, just find deserted stations and try. most of the city are walkable and the buses are cheap. Make plastic card "Rav Kav', otherwise you can't pay. It's free and possible to make in the CBS and another spots
  
 
== Hitching out ==
 
== Hitching out ==
 +
__TOC__
 
[[File:CraigIsraelKfarAdomim.jpg|thumb|220px|right|[[User:Halt, Stop! Reudnitz kommt.|Craig]] at Maale Adumim Junction en route to Dead Sea (5 mins).]]
 
[[File:CraigIsraelKfarAdomim.jpg|thumb|220px|right|[[User:Halt, Stop! Reudnitz kommt.|Craig]] at Maale Adumim Junction en route to Dead Sea (5 mins).]]
=== East to the [[Dead Sea]], [[Amman]] ([[Jordan]]) ===
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[Moriya:] Jerusalem has at least 6-7 roads to get out,to different directions. It's changes often by the massive constractions but in general, choose your next destination and ask local where the best spot to hitch out. the following is list of spots based on the direction:
  
The road splits towards Amman and towards the Dead Sea at Beit-HaArava junction. Depending on where you are in Jerusalem, there are two options for getting there:
 
  
==== From East Jerusalem ====
+
== MAIN Junction to get out: ==
 +
"Hayeziaa Me'A'ir"- The enternace of the city, called as well Ginot Sacharov. ([https://goo.gl/maps/i8hDtLdz8tu Google street view]) 1 road, the huge Trempiyada that close to the CBS. it's the road to Tel Aviv, Haifa and all Gush Dan, and the way to the states highways- 2, 6.. If you come from city center, you walk through tram lines to the ugly bridge, and down the bridge you continue straight.you will see 2 crossroads and on your right will be to petrols stations- yellow one and one call Sonol. Keep staright. you will see huge place to stand, bus statins and often tons of people that hitch hike too. find your spot and stand. Most likely you will see other hitchhikers standing there too. If you get bored or want to burn some time, just behind you there is an old Arab village (Lifta), which was deserted in 1948. Go down the stairs and find your way to the local spring. Although basicly from this spot people go to all the country, not many people stop, and you may stuck inside all the traffic jams. So if you want easyer, beautyer and often shorter way to south or north, use another way.
  
Take service taxi ("sheirut") 36 from Damascus Gate in the direction of [[Abu Dis]], a ride of 7 NIS only. Get off in Maale Adumin North junction and continue hitchhiking east. If you take this ride you get directly to road #1, from which you need to continue hitchhiking east towards the Dead Sea and Jordan.
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Hitch hike to Tel Aviv on road 443: You can stand at French Hill just in the other side of the tram of Givat Hamivtar. This is not the best spot to hitch towards Tel Aviv - use it only if you hitched here from the Dead Sea, northern Israel or from the West bank, and you wish to continue to Tel Aviv. On the other side of the big intersection there is a smaller bus stop. Cars that pass here might be going into Jerusalem, or towards Tel Aviv through highway 1 or highway 443, so a sign here can be a big help. There are no good places to stop on highway 1 except the Hemed station and Latrun intersection.  It’s better to wait for a direct ride. If you can get a ride part of the way on highway 443, to Modiin for example, that is much better, because there are bus stops in almost every intersection on that road.
  
==== From West Jerusalem ====
+
== To the north, south and Dead sea: ==
  
Take bus 25, 4 or 4A to Har Ha'tsofim (French Hill). You can hitchhike from the bus stop across the street from the entrance to the Mt. Scopus Campus of Hebrew University. The place is usually crowded with hitchhikers, and drivers stop often. Most likely they will go only part of the way, in which case you should ask to get off in the entry junction to their settlement, and continue hitchhiking from the bus station.
+
Jerusalem locate, geographicly in the excat center of Israel, which explaines why to hitch hike to nirth and south is the same spot. for years, the best way was through the Trempiyada in French hill, but roads changed and people barely stop there nowdays .(2018) Currently spot is the station to Maa'le Adumim that close to the Hebrew Uni. From city center- take the tram to Ammunition Hill, ''or'' you hitchhike from in front the Damascus gate (sounds strange, but worked numerous times: 10 mins, 5 mins). Get down, cross the road to the right, you can see huge white stutue on your left. Keep it on your left.  and start walk, You will walk like 15 minutes. Than you will see station that have many buses that stop. Check if it's written that there is a bus that go to Kfar Adumim. if the answer iis yes- than you are in the right staation. Take a lift to Kfar Adumim (or further) you will pass Maale Adumim, and Mishor Adumim. when you get down, you will see that you are in road 1#. all the lifts good for you, try to get to Bet Haarava junction, where road 1 meets highway 90, which can take you north towards Beit She'an, Tiberias and generally northern Israel (serving also Allenby border crossing and Sheikh Hussein border crossing to Amman) and south towards the Dead Sea and Eilat.
:[[User:Halt,_Stop!_Reudnitz_kommt.|Craig]] found it easy to get a lift even from inside Jerusalem. The bus stop mentioned above works perfect. Since recently you can get there taking the Tram ''or'' you hitchhike from in front the Damascus gate (sounds strange, but worked numerous times: 10 mins, 5 mins).
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So if you need to get to the Dead Sea and your ride goes to northern Israel (Beit She'an, Tiberias etc.) or vice versa, get off at the last junction before Beit HaArava - at Almog junction. Almog junction functions as a refreshment stop, so kiosks, mini-market and (free) toilets are available here, so that's the best way to hitch another ride. Beware! this is a desert area, so being near a refreshment stop helps.
  
=== South towards [[Eilat]], [[Aqaba]] ([[Jordan]]), [[Taba]] ([[Egypt]]) ===
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== To the west bank- north area: Binyamin and Samaria sttelments, Nablus and cet: ==
  
Follow the direction to go to the [[Dead Sea]], but continue south on [[Highway 90 (Israel)|Highway 90]] until its end. From there you can continue east towards [[Jordan]], or south towards [[Egypt]].
+
Check the section of [[west bank]] for more detalis, but anyways, from Jerusalem: French Hill used to be the best spots, but it's changed (2018). Nowdays the Trempiyada is in Hizma Junction. take the tram to Sayert Duchifat (almost last station), get down and take the crossroad to your right. there is a station, not so good spot but for lazy people you can hitch hike there insted of walk 20 minutes down in the road to Hizma junction. every lift is good to Hizma Junction, and sometime you will get lift straight to your destination. Hizma Junction is a soldiers checkpoint, you will see many people standing there. Sign can help and watch the que.The people that stop will be 90% of the time religius setllers, so if you want to go to Rammalla cheeck where excatly you need to get down to coninue, and be aware that people will not like the idea you go there, and can't give you ride straight to there, due the politics issues. You can hitch from the same place towards Ramallah (and from there you can reach Nablus and other Palestinian cities). Be advised that if you’re standing in this stop with a sign that says “Ramallah” on it, it's quite possible people are going to look at you like you’re crazy, and might try to convince you not to go there, that it’s dangerous, etc.
 +
It's almost secret but you can even hitch hike to Netania, Tel Aviv, Haifa from this stop if you heading to Samaria (through 60 road, 5, 6) but it longer and you will need many lifts. Rides from here are available to the Ramallah area ([[Ramallah]], [[Ofra]], etc.) As well as further in, towards [[Nablus]], via "Tapuach Junction" ([[Ariel]], [[Salfit]], [[Buddya]] etc.)
 +
The buses to this area are really cheap (sometime 3 shekels!) so check where you need exactly to go and your time- maybe bus is better..
  
[[File:Hitching_out_of_Jerusalem.JPG|thumb|right|220px|Orthodox Jews hitching out of Jerusalem]]
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== To the west bank- south- Gush Ezyon, Hebron, Beer Sheva- ==
 +
Same rules about the [[west bank]] section.
 +
Take bus to Gilo (71, 31, 30..) get down in Afarsemon street. cross to the left, you will see huge road, on the left there is Trempiyada. If you need to Go to Hebron, ask people where exactly to stand. If you not sure where to get down ask the driver, where is the Gush Ezyon's Trempiyada.
 +
To Tekoa (Gush Ezyon) : take the bus to Har Homa (Homat Shmuel) 74, 75. Get down in Shmuel Meir-Kvish 378. It's the same way to Bet Lechem, but Israelies car not aloud to go there, and arabs not aloud to do the way around.A bus ride to Bethlehem only costs 8 NIS, consider using the bus. Bus #231 or #234 can be taken from the bus terminal in front of Damscus gate of the Old City of Jerusalem. You can hitch a ride to  [[Gush Etzion Junction]] and continue from there to most of the villages in Gush Etzion or on to Hebron and Kiryat Arba.
 +
Though, to get to the Hebron or Kiryat Arba, there is a bus #381 which costs just 8.1 NIS.
  
=== West towards [[Tel Aviv]] ===
+
:[[User:Vulla|Vulla]] You can consider to walk instead of HH. Jerusalem to Bethlem is just 8 km. I've done it in less than 2 hours walking slow and take my time. The view is not the best but if you arrive walking you will able to see the big wall which it separetes Israel to the West Bank. You have to take the entrance for tourists,very fast, few people pass there. The palestinian pass by another gate. Above all you will see the wall and read the different stories of the palestinian during the occupation and you will see many grafitti on the wall, some of them were made by Bansky. Bansky's graffitti are spread around Jerusalem but if you go to the center the (annoyng) taxies will take you to a tour to see Bansky's graffiti.
Take a bus or tram to the central bus station in Jerusalem (many bus lines go there). From the main entrance, head to the right (when looking away from the building). Go on walking further on Jaffa road, take a right below the tram bridge, and continue till you get to the main junction where the "Begin" highway splits off to the right. Continue straight past this junction, and on your right (after the petrol station) you will see a bus stop, the best spot to hitchhike. Most likely you will see other hitchhikers standing there too. If you get bored or want to burn some time, just behind you there is an ancient Palestinian village (Lifta), which was deserted in 1948. Go down the stairs and find your way to the local spring.
 
 
 
In case it's too crowded you might be better off going a bit back up the street to the [[petrol station hitchhiking|petrol stations]] and hitch there. Also, Israeli hitchhikers seem to have an aversion against [[signs]], so if you're not local using a sign could work out in your advantage.
 
 
 
There is also a [[petrol station hitchhiking|petrol station]] on the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway at Shaar Hagai (שער הגיא‎) [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=gas+station&hl=en&cd=10&ei=6SqMS7XXIYivOJe28LcG&sig2=rVVbYMtdQ5gwWRR4lSrEAA&sll=31.799391,35.108185&sspn=0.250939,0.376282&ie=UTF8&view=map&cid=10709258174763436664&ved=0CBIQpQY&hq=gas+station&hnear=&ll=31.88572,35.024414&spn=0.501407,0.752563&z=10&iwloc=A Google map link] This might be useful if a ride is not going all the way to Tel Aviv as there are very few spots to stop on the highway between the two cities.
 
 
 
=== North towards [[Tiberias]], [[Golan Heights]] ===
 
 
 
Follow the same directions as for Amman and the Dead Sea, but continue north on highway 90 from the Beit HaArava Junction until you reach the Tsemach Junciton at the bottom of the Kinneret. From there, you can either hitchhike to [[Tiberias]] by going westwards on Road 90, or use the [[trempiyada]] up to the Golan. People either drive up to Road 92 or Road 98 from there. Road 98 goes right up to the Golan, and Road 92 runs along the west coast of the Kinneret from where you can pick up Roads 789 or 87 to the Golan. Highway 789 connects to Road 98 from where you can chose to either continue north or head south. Road 87 also connects to 98, but a bit later, and it also turns west over the Kinneret or east through the centre of the Golan until it picks up 98 at its end.
 
 
 
[[File:Israel-erga hitching out of jerusalem.jpg|thumb|250|right|[[User:Erga|Erga]] modestly hitching out of Jerusalem]]
 
 
 
=== To [[Ramallah]], [[Samaria]] ([[West Bank]]) ===
 
 
 
Take a city bus (25, 4, or 4a) to the [[Har Ha'tzofim Junction]] and stand there. Rides from here are available to the Ramallah area ([[Ramallah]], [[Ofra]], etc.) As well as further in, towards [[Nablus]], via "Tapuach Junction" ([[Ariel]], [[Salfit]], [[Buddya]] etc.)
 
 
 
However, due to the lack of rides to this area, it is probably best to take a service taxi (very cheap) to this area from Damascus gate in Jerusalem.
 
 
 
=== To [[Bethlehem]], [[Judea]] ([[West Bank]]) ===
 
 
 
Take the #31 bus to Giloh (you'll have to ask people how to get to the ''[[trempiyada]]''. From there you can hitch rides to [[Bethlehem]] and [[Gush Etzion]] areas, ([[Efrat]], [[Bethlehem]], [[Alon Shvut]]), etc, as well as further south, to the [[Hebron]] area of [[Hebron]], [[Kiryat Arba]], [[Tarqumia]], [[Yatta]], etc. To get to the latter area, however, it is better to hitch a ridge to [[Gush Etzion Junction]], and try from there.
 
From the Palestinan bus terminal in front of Damascuus Gate you can get a bus straight to [[Bethlehem]] and [[Beit Jala]]. It runs every 30 mins and takes a little more to Bethlehem.
 
:[[User:Halt,_Stop!_Reudnitz_kommt.|Craig]] got a lift from in front the Damascus gate around 8pm (20 mins). Go to the junction before the cars go down the tunnel. there is enough space to stop. Sometimes people cannot cross the checkpoint and will drop you off. Try to sneak by the tough pedestrian checkpoint and flag down cars in front of the car crossing. Saves time and nerves =)
 
 
 
== Sleep ==
 
 
 
=== Free hospitality ===
 
In projects such as [http://www.bewelcome.org BeWelcome] and [http://www.couchsurfing.com CouchSurfing] you can find many Jerusalemic members who will host you for a night or two in their homes...
 
 
 
=== Hostels and cheap accommodation ===
 
As a rule of thumb, the Western part of the city is much (much!) more expensive than the Eastern part, especially when it comes to hostels. In the old city and around Damascus gate you can find a dorm bed for as little as 20 NIS (4 Euro) for a night. Check [http://www.wikivoyage.org Wikivoyage] for more details.
 
 
 
=== Camping ===
 
You will find some camping places just at very touristic spots as the Dead Sea or the Sea of Galilae. But you won't get a problem if you set up your tent just somewhere in the wood. Just make sure that you don't do it on private property, nearby the sea or fluent water (it is supposed to be forbidden) and in natural reserves.
 
 
 
== Public Transportation ==
 
 
 
Blackriding is not possible in buses, because you have to pass by the driver as you enter. On the tram it is possible, but keep in mind there are quite a lot of checkups (from my own experience, I get checked maybe once every 7-10 rides). Inspectors wear white buttoned shirts in summer, sometimes with a yellow reflector vest on top, and dark blue coats in winter. They come in twos or threes, and are usually quite strict. As of September 2013, there are no "undercover"/plainclothes inspectors.
 
There's no public transport in West Jerusalem from about 2 hours before dark on Friday evening to 1 hour after dark on Saturday night. East Jerusalem buses keep running regularly.
 
 
 
[[trash:Jerusalem]]
 
{{IsIn|Israel}}
 
 
 
[[he: ירושלים]]
 

Latest revision as of 10:20, 22 July 2018

Jerusalem
<map lat='31.78' lng='35.22' zoom='11' view='0' country='Israel'/>
Information
Country:
Flag of Israel
Israel
District (mahoz): Jerusalem District
Population: 882,652 (2016); Metropolitan Area 1,027,400 (2008)
Major roads: 1, 50, 60, 443
Meet fellow hitchhikers on Trustroots

Jerusalem is the largest city in Israel and the capital of the state since its establishment in 1948. Jerusalem's status is under dispute between Israel and the Palestinians. The Palestinians have claims to the city including a claim to be their capital city.

Hitching in

Jerusalem is quite different from Tel Aviv, there is a lot of religious communities in the city. In religious neighborhoods, it can be perceived as offensive not to dress modestly, and can attract unwelcomed attention. However, in the city center and old city (not inside the religious sites themselves, obviously) there is no such problem. You can hitch hike in the nighbourhods, just find deserted stations and try. most of the city are walkable and the buses are cheap. Make plastic card "Rav Kav', otherwise you can't pay. It's free and possible to make in the CBS and another spots

Hitching out

File:CraigIsraelKfarAdomim.jpg
Craig at Maale Adumim Junction en route to Dead Sea (5 mins).

[Moriya:] Jerusalem has at least 6-7 roads to get out,to different directions. It's changes often by the massive constractions but in general, choose your next destination and ask local where the best spot to hitch out. the following is list of spots based on the direction:


MAIN Junction to get out:

"Hayeziaa Me'A'ir"- The enternace of the city, called as well Ginot Sacharov. (Google street view) 1 road, the huge Trempiyada that close to the CBS. it's the road to Tel Aviv, Haifa and all Gush Dan, and the way to the states highways- 2, 6.. If you come from city center, you walk through tram lines to the ugly bridge, and down the bridge you continue straight.you will see 2 crossroads and on your right will be to petrols stations- yellow one and one call Sonol. Keep staright. you will see huge place to stand, bus statins and often tons of people that hitch hike too. find your spot and stand. Most likely you will see other hitchhikers standing there too. If you get bored or want to burn some time, just behind you there is an old Arab village (Lifta), which was deserted in 1948. Go down the stairs and find your way to the local spring. Although basicly from this spot people go to all the country, not many people stop, and you may stuck inside all the traffic jams. So if you want easyer, beautyer and often shorter way to south or north, use another way.

Hitch hike to Tel Aviv on road 443: You can stand at French Hill just in the other side of the tram of Givat Hamivtar. This is not the best spot to hitch towards Tel Aviv - use it only if you hitched here from the Dead Sea, northern Israel or from the West bank, and you wish to continue to Tel Aviv. On the other side of the big intersection there is a smaller bus stop. Cars that pass here might be going into Jerusalem, or towards Tel Aviv through highway 1 or highway 443, so a sign here can be a big help. There are no good places to stop on highway 1 except the Hemed station and Latrun intersection. It’s better to wait for a direct ride. If you can get a ride part of the way on highway 443, to Modiin for example, that is much better, because there are bus stops in almost every intersection on that road.

To the north, south and Dead sea:

Jerusalem locate, geographicly in the excat center of Israel, which explaines why to hitch hike to nirth and south is the same spot. for years, the best way was through the Trempiyada in French hill, but roads changed and people barely stop there nowdays .(2018) Currently spot is the station to Maa'le Adumim that close to the Hebrew Uni. From city center- take the tram to Ammunition Hill, or you hitchhike from in front the Damascus gate (sounds strange, but worked numerous times: 10 mins, 5 mins). Get down, cross the road to the right, you can see huge white stutue on your left. Keep it on your left. and start walk, You will walk like 15 minutes. Than you will see station that have many buses that stop. Check if it's written that there is a bus that go to Kfar Adumim. if the answer iis yes- than you are in the right staation. Take a lift to Kfar Adumim (or further) you will pass Maale Adumim, and Mishor Adumim. when you get down, you will see that you are in road 1#. all the lifts good for you, try to get to Bet Haarava junction, where road 1 meets highway 90, which can take you north towards Beit She'an, Tiberias and generally northern Israel (serving also Allenby border crossing and Sheikh Hussein border crossing to Amman) and south towards the Dead Sea and Eilat. So if you need to get to the Dead Sea and your ride goes to northern Israel (Beit She'an, Tiberias etc.) or vice versa, get off at the last junction before Beit HaArava - at Almog junction. Almog junction functions as a refreshment stop, so kiosks, mini-market and (free) toilets are available here, so that's the best way to hitch another ride. Beware! this is a desert area, so being near a refreshment stop helps.

To the west bank- north area: Binyamin and Samaria sttelments, Nablus and cet:

Check the section of west bank for more detalis, but anyways, from Jerusalem: French Hill used to be the best spots, but it's changed (2018). Nowdays the Trempiyada is in Hizma Junction. take the tram to Sayert Duchifat (almost last station), get down and take the crossroad to your right. there is a station, not so good spot but for lazy people you can hitch hike there insted of walk 20 minutes down in the road to Hizma junction. every lift is good to Hizma Junction, and sometime you will get lift straight to your destination. Hizma Junction is a soldiers checkpoint, you will see many people standing there. Sign can help and watch the que.The people that stop will be 90% of the time religius setllers, so if you want to go to Rammalla cheeck where excatly you need to get down to coninue, and be aware that people will not like the idea you go there, and can't give you ride straight to there, due the politics issues. You can hitch from the same place towards Ramallah (and from there you can reach Nablus and other Palestinian cities). Be advised that if you’re standing in this stop with a sign that says “Ramallah” on it, it's quite possible people are going to look at you like you’re crazy, and might try to convince you not to go there, that it’s dangerous, etc. It's almost secret but you can even hitch hike to Netania, Tel Aviv, Haifa from this stop if you heading to Samaria (through 60 road, 5, 6) but it longer and you will need many lifts. Rides from here are available to the Ramallah area (Ramallah, Ofra, etc.) As well as further in, towards Nablus, via "Tapuach Junction" (Ariel, Salfit, Buddya etc.) The buses to this area are really cheap (sometime 3 shekels!) so check where you need exactly to go and your time- maybe bus is better..

To the west bank- south- Gush Ezyon, Hebron, Beer Sheva-

Same rules about the west bank section. 

Take bus to Gilo (71, 31, 30..) get down in Afarsemon street. cross to the left, you will see huge road, on the left there is Trempiyada. If you need to Go to Hebron, ask people where exactly to stand. If you not sure where to get down ask the driver, where is the Gush Ezyon's Trempiyada. To Tekoa (Gush Ezyon) : take the bus to Har Homa (Homat Shmuel) 74, 75. Get down in Shmuel Meir-Kvish 378. It's the same way to Bet Lechem, but Israelies car not aloud to go there, and arabs not aloud to do the way around.A bus ride to Bethlehem only costs 8 NIS, consider using the bus. Bus #231 or #234 can be taken from the bus terminal in front of Damscus gate of the Old City of Jerusalem. You can hitch a ride to Gush Etzion Junction and continue from there to most of the villages in Gush Etzion or on to Hebron and Kiryat Arba. Though, to get to the Hebron or Kiryat Arba, there is a bus #381 which costs just 8.1 NIS.

Vulla You can consider to walk instead of HH. Jerusalem to Bethlem is just 8 km. I've done it in less than 2 hours walking slow and take my time. The view is not the best but if you arrive walking you will able to see the big wall which it separetes Israel to the West Bank. You have to take the entrance for tourists,very fast, few people pass there. The palestinian pass by another gate. Above all you will see the wall and read the different stories of the palestinian during the occupation and you will see many grafitti on the wall, some of them were made by Bansky. Bansky's graffitti are spread around Jerusalem but if you go to the center the (annoyng) taxies will take you to a tour to see Bansky's graffiti.