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Istanbul

8,993 bytes removed, 23:01, 30 December 2020
From parking on motorway O4
'''Istanbul''' is the biggest city of [[Turkey]], partly in [[Europe]] and partly in [[Asia]].
 
In many parts in Europe you can find Turkish truckers, who might be heading to Istanbul. Watch out for Turkish number plates beginning with '''34''', the city code for Istanbul, however a high proportion of all trucks heading for the Asian side of Turkey still have to go through Istanbul.
 
<map lat='41.04207384890103' lng='28.989486694335937' zoom='10' view='0' float='right' />
== Hitching in ==
=== From the west {{E|80}} ===If you drive highway look around and ask your driver to let you out in place where you see a Istanbul in walking distance than ask local people for bus/metro. For example Paşaköy. You should have some small local cash to pay for ticket. Or walk :)
Trucks are banned from entering the city during rush hours (morning: ''?'', evening: about 17:00-22:00), and even when they Also you can proceed through the city, there are few places to stop. Therefore it is highly likely that your driver will let you get out at the Mahmutbey toll booths. There are two ways to the centre from here. Note that fuel stations and ask there are no ATMs on the outskirts of Istanbul. If you have no Turkish money, the driver may let you travel for free, or a friendly local may pay for you; arrive with some Turkish lira in your pocket ride to not be reliant on the kindness of strangers.city
One option is to walk to the side road to the right of the motorway, then turn to the first or second street to your right (the wide one). From the bus stop about 200 m down that street, take bus 89M "Zeytinburnu Metro", which will cost around 2 Turkish lira (~ €0.80) (see section below on Public transport). From Zeytinburnu there is an extensive choice of public transportation into the city such as trams to Sultanahmet, buses to Taksim/Beyoğlu (93C), or the ''Metrobüs'' heading for the Asian side across the Bosphorus.  Another option, from close to the motorway toll booth, are the frequent minibuses to Topkapı or Yenibosna, from which you can find transportation further into the centre.== Hitching out ==
A third option is possible if your driver is going Just walk to the Asian side of Istanbulnearest highway and stick your thumb out. If he will cross the bridge ''Fatih Sultan Mehmet kuprusu''. ask him to drop It might need a few lifts until you at the last exit before get out of the bridge's toll boothborder, which is right after you pass the new stadium. if you walk/hitch down but given that road, very soon you will arrive at hardly ever wait more than 10 minutes for a metro stationlift, which will take you directly to Taksimit can be faster than public transport.
== Hitching out ==
Generally=== Northwest towards [[Greece]] , you can just start hitching anywhere in the city center. Just walk to the nearest highway and stick your thumb out. It might need a few lifts until you get out of the border[[Edirne]], but given that you hardly ever wait more than 10 minutes for a lift, it can be faster than public transport.[[Bulgaria]] {{E|80}} {{E|84}}===
''Taksim Square in the center of the European part of Istanbul is chosen as a starting point for the upcoming description due to the fact that there the most bus lines of the European side start and end.''
=== Northwest towards [[Edirne]] and [[Bulgaria]] {{E|80}} = Test option - Ispartakule Park Area North ====
There are several ways to get out of the city centre Ispartakule Park Area North is a fuel station on E80 highway(See Google maps for getting there and onto the main highwayupdate how its. If you stop a car that There is not bus 76E going a long distance, then it is best to aim for the Mahmutbey toll booths in the northwest of Istanbul where the E80 really begins. Sehit Serife Bacı Lisesi bus stop not far place)
Also 3 km walk away is another bigger E80 highway with Karbey Dinlenme Tesisi rest stop on it
==== Test option - Ispartakule Park Area North ====
Ispartakule Park Area North is a fuel station on E80 highway
(See Google maps for getting there and update how its. There is bus 76E going to Sehit Serife Bacı Lisesi bus stop not far place)
=== Westwards towards [[Greece]] (via [[Tekirdağ|Tekirdag]]) {{E|84}} = Getting to suburbans of Istanbul ====
'''Update (as of August 2018)''': the train to [[Muratlı]] is operating twice a day, departing from Halkalı train station in the West of the city. The fare to Muratlı is 13.5 TL (11 TL if you're under 26). You can get to Muratlı train station by direct bus from Eminönü, or by metrobus (Cennet Mahallesi metrobus stop is nearly 1 hour of walking from the train station). Be aware that it is currently impossible to pay by the card at Halkalı station, and there is no ATM nearby, so prepare cash in advance.
Another way to get to city's western outskirts is to take the metro from Aksaray close to Sultanahmet in the old city centre, and ride it till ''EDITYenibosna''': The train doesn't run anymorestation (2.0 TL pp, roughly €0.80). Also to avoid lots of local trafficThen, many people going in that direction rather take the highway towards Edirnepublic bus #448 (''Yenibosna Metro-Mimarsinan''; an extra 2.00 TL pp), and turn off which departs from the highway stops right next to Kinali and further to the westmetro station. So the best to do is to use the same spot as You will ride this bus for going towards Edirnea ''long'' time, Mahmutbey pay-tollsroughly an hour, try until where it quits the motorway west and turns to hitchhike right in a car to Tekirdagcloverleaf interchange near the village of [[Mimarsinan]], or where the bus eventually heads. Get off at the stop right at least to the Kinali exitvery location bus turns right, take off this is where as much west as you can get on Istanbul's public transportation. Then walk a bit further from the highway junction, and hitchhike further to the weststart thumbing.
Take the suburban train (''banliyö treni'') from the very ==== Trains out of city center (Sirkeci) towards Halkali. It's only 2.00 lira. Get off at ''Küçükçekmece''. If the train station is 6 o'clock, walk in the direction of 12 o'clock in order to find the on ramp towards [[Tekirdağ|Tekirdag]]. This is the same road that will take you directly to Greece, although you will still be well within the congested motorways of suburban Istanbul. Be aware that you cannot cross this border walking! You have to find somebody to take you across. Knowing [[Western Europe phrasebook|German]] will help you a lot to explain that you need help to cross the border due to many drivers with a Turkish-German background.====
* Hitchhikers experience: I took the train to Küçükçekmece like I read on here, and found the highway. To my dismay it was '''impossible''' to hitch. After walking 2 miles, hoping there would be a spot for people to pull off, there was nothing. I noticed these buses that road in the middle of the highway, and decided to take one down the road. After two stops, it was the end of the line. Fortunately, there was a huge spot to hitchhike. For anyone who goes this way, I '''highly''' recommend taking the bus the whole way instead of trying to walk like I did. Or, use another method to hitch. - Jon
Another way to get to city's For those who rather not try hitchhiking through the overgrown western outskirts is to take the metro from Aksaray close to Sultanahmet in suburbs of the old city centre, and ride it till ''Yenibosna'' station (2.0 TL pp, roughly €0.80). Then, take the public bus #448 (''Yenibosna Metro-Mimarsinan''; an extra 2.00 TL pp), which departs from the stops right next a slightly more expensive but a lot easier way to metro station. You will ride follow this bus for a ''long'' time, roughly an hour, until where it quits westbound route to Greece may be to take the motorway west and turns morning train to right in a cloverleaf interchange near the village of [[MimarsinanMuratlı]], where the bus eventually heads. Get off at the stop right at the very location bus turns right, this is where as much west as you can get on from Sirkeci station in central Istanbul's public transportation. Then walk a bit further from the junction, and start thumbing. Hitchhiker then hitch your way forward to Greece via [[User:Vidimian|VidimianTekirdağ]] tried this route in 2002 or 2003, when he wasn't very experienced at hitchhikingfrom there. The first lift offer arrived so late (after about 2 hours of thumbing) and the following lifts were so short (and, again, late) that he could make it to See [[TekirdağMuratlı]], a mere 120 km away from this hitching spot, after the night falls, despite starting early in the morningarticle for full details.
For those who rather not try hitchhiking through the overgrown western suburbs of the city, a slightly more expensive but a lot easier way to follow this westbound route to Greece may be to take the morning train to [[Muratlı]] from Sirkeci station in central Istanbul, and then hitch your way forward to Greece via [[Tekirdağ]] from there. See [[Muratlı]] article for full details.
* Once you have passed the border, try to stay in the car which took you through, as the first 20-30 km on the Greek side is one of the worst places to hitchhike in Europe. Local people there are afraid of stories about immigrants from Iran and Afghanistan etc. so it's especially hard to get a ride. It took hitchhiker [[User:Lapulevel|Lapulevel]] a full day to get out of this area—and that wasn't simply a shortage of luck as that happened twice!
=== Westwards towards [[Cannakale]] (via [[Tekirdağ|Tekirdag]]) ===
Take Bus #34B/C/BZ/G to the last stop and start hitchhiking with a Tekirdag sign there. From Tekirdag continue with a Istanbul sign. Be prepared for a possible long waiting time at Tekirdag.
=== East and south towards [[Ankara]], Black Sea coast, Antalya {{E|80}} ===
 
For going east there are different options:
==== From parking on motorway O4 ====
Take a ferry to ''Kadıköy'' on Asian side. Next to the ferry terminal there is a bus terminal where you have 2 options:
# Take bus 19, 19C, 19Y, 19T or just ask which bus is going to '''Ferhatpaşa''' the stop you have to get off at (you will see a road going in a circle like a big roundabout). From its Flat Prof Dr Necmettin Erbakan Park from there walk northeast until you get to the motorway O4 Anadolu Otoyolu. There is a fence along the motorway but it has many holes, so getting to the other side is not difficult, or can just go to the gate where is possible to entre freely. Once you get to the parking area, you can ask around or make a big sign and show it at parking area's exit to the drivers passing by on the motorway, so they can search Mirkelam Dinlenme Tesisleri İstanbul rest stop on a merge lane. There's one small restaurant in the parking area where many drivers stop for a short break.# Take bus 130 and after half an hour or so you'll arrive to a Gas station where the bus stops (near Gebze). Get down and from here you can hitchE-80 / O-hike either asking or stopping cars.4
==== From Şekerpınar close to Gebze ====
 
Get on the 111, 112 or 200 and stay on the bus almost all the way to the last stop (get off approximately two or three stops before).
If you want to avoid 30km of urban hitch hiking, from the last stop of 112 take bus 134BK (other 134 buses may work as well) which leaves across the road from where 112 ends. Ride until the end and transfer onto 133Ş and ride it until the last stop. You are then in Şekerpınar and can walk the 2km to the main motorway O4 Anadolu Otoyolu.
 
==== From Bostancı Köprüsü (Bostancı Bridge) ====
 From ''Taksim'' Square take bus 129T (''Taksim - Üst Bostancı'' line), which, like the other transcontinental bus lines, requires two tickets (3.50 TL). Get off at the leaf-clover interchange called in Turkish ''Bostancı Köprüsü'' (literally Bostancı Bridge), close to its last stop. You can recognize the interchange by big signs saying ''Bostancı'' and ''İçerenköy'' (besides the usual ''İzmit'' and ''Ankara'' signs) there. Then, after getting off the bus, walk past the interchange until you see a safe shoulder down the road a couple hundred metres away. Start hitching there ready with a [[Signs|sign]] saying at least ‘[[Gebze]]'/'[[Izmit]]’, it’ll make you more visible and look like a total hitchhiker. Drivers around here seem to have some concerns about sharing their car with a stranger and looking like a total hitchhiker seems to somewhat ease their anxiety. However, there are also many minibuses heading for ''Gebze'' on this road, so hiding your sign when they are passing by and shaking your head both sides when its headlights flash (to ask whether you’d like a ride … for a fee) may prevent some of the unwanted attention. Expect to wait at least 30 minutes until you are offered a lift. Morning hours (approx. between 6:30-8:30) are best since the road is congested at that time and vehicles move slowly, which lets the drivers to think more about taking you in. Beware of the motorcycles by the way, which sometimes illegally drive inside the shoulder and literally skim you over. 
There is a petrol station exactly 9km before [[Izmit]] where you can be dropped off. It is recognizable for its BP petrol station and Burger King restaurant. Trucks are regularly parked here and bound for all points in Turkey, while sometimes one can even find a lift all the way to neighbouring countries.
 
For Mediterranean cities such as [[Antalya]], you should also take this eastwards route till [[Adapazari]], then head south via motorway D650 from there.
==== The (free) walking option ====
==== The free walking option ==== While most people would find it more comfortable to take a bus to the outskirts and then start hitchiking there is another, slightly more challenging, option. Generally it is actually faster to just find a good piece of highway somewhere close to where you stay (even if it's in the centre of Istanbul), get ON the highway and put your thumb up. You are unlikely to wait more than 3-5 minute before a car pulls over (many people don't really mind stopping on the highway) and the police is very unlikely to give you any trouble (they picked [[Theo]] up, gave him tea and chocolate-cookies and dropped him of 20 kilometers further down the road) 
From Taksim: Walk down Cumhüriyet Caddesi for about 40-50 minutes. It's a big avenue which is easy to find (alternatively just follow the signs on Taxim for Şisli). After 40-50 minutes you'll see Cevahir shopping center on your right side and that's about 200 meters from where you'll start hitching. If you manage to get lost (hard as it's a big avenue without any real tricky intersection or anything) you should just ask your way to Cevahir shopping center.
After the 40-50 minute walk (about the time when you pass Cevahir shopping center on your right side) you'll see the highway. This is th spot where the Mercidiköy bridge starts and about 70-80 % of the traffic is bound for the Asian side. When you get to the highway (which is actually about 10 meters over you as you are under the bridge) you'll see the Mercidiköy bustation to your left. Turn left,walk 20 meters until you see a small footpath leading up to the highway, climb up, thumb up, and smile at your audience (often about 50-60 people) who are waiting for the Metrobus to come. They might even give you an applause if you just put up a show.
After the 40-50 minute walk (about the time when you pass Cevahir shopping center on your right side) you'll see the highway. This is th spot where the Mercidiköy bridge starts and about 70-80 % of the traffic is bound for the Asian side. When you get to the highway (which is actually about 10 meters over you as you are under the bridge) you'll see the Mercidiköy bustation to your left. Turn left,walk 20 meters until you see a small footpath leading up to the highway, climb up, thumb up, and smile at your audience (often about 50-60 people) who are waiting for the Metrobus to come. They might even give you an applause if you just put up a show.
Important: BE PATIENT AND DON'T JUST ACCEPT ANY RIDE. Wait for someone who's going at least past the main intersection in Atesehir (say that you want to go direction Gebze/Izmit on the autoyol). Even though almost no traffic is going far from here it is important that your first ride is gonna take you to the O4 highway after the two highways merges and that may mean declining 1, 2 or 4 rides. Ask to get dropped of at the highway and not at some on-ramp or something even more silly (this is [[Turkey]] remember). You may have to repeat it one or two more times before you get out of Istanbul just because of the city's enourmous size.
 
Alternatively you could wait for a ride to take you across the bridge and get dropped off at the paytolls on the Asian side and find a ride onto the 04 from there.
=== South towards [[Yalova]], [[Bursa]] or [[Izmir]] ===
See below the Eskihisar links for a road/bridge alternative. See [[Eskihisar]] for how to get to the ferry jetty on the route and how to get into the ferry for free. The route via [[Eskihisar]] is also the shortest way to [[Izmir]] and its adjacent area in western Turkey.   Opet - Mehmetçik Vakfı Petrol petrol station / rest stop on E80 highway next to Mehmetçik Vakfı bus stop. Buses 130H, 132, 132B and KM 18 stopes there. Place isnt far from Sabiha Gokcen International Airport  
See [[Eskihisar]] for how to get to the ferry jetty Doğalhane Dinlenme Tesisleri petrol station / rest stop on the route and how E80 highway next to get into the ferry for freeÇayırova İtfaiye bus stop.Bus 133Ş stops there
The route via [[Eskihisar]] is also the shortest way to [[Izmir]] and its adjacent area in western Turkey.
An alternative Marmaray metro east in the direction of Gebze. Get off at Osmangazi Station (two stops before Gebze) as this is closer to the D- and depending on your luck, faster than - 100 highway that will carry you east. Walk roughly 300m north up the road from the ferry route is station until you get to catch a lift across the Osmangazi Bridge (Osmangazi Köprüsü) which opened in 2016. This suspension bridge carries circle-underpass junction with the major OD-5 motorway across 100 highway. A nice position just after the Gulf start of Izmit, connecting Gebze, the city on the eastern outskirts of Istanbul-ramp, where cars are still moving slowly, to Yalova Provinceshould score you a ride in minutes.
A way However, the majority of traffic here seems to get as close as possible be going to Izmit, which is past the bridge without having . Turn down rides if you have to hitch through until you get one going over the city traffic is bridge, to Yalova/Bursa/İzmir etc. If you're really stuck, take a short ride and ask your driver to drop you off on the Marmaray (kind side of metro) the road at the off-ramp going to its far Eastern stations. The Marmaraythe bridge, which runs along and continue hitching from there or after the southern coast of Istanbul, can be caught interchange. If you're really stuck on both that road leading up to the Asian and European sides of the city and many of its major stationsbridge, such as Yenikapı and Üsküdar, are connected you'll have to walk a few km along it until you get to the city's metroPetrol Ofisi fuel station, metrobus, bus and tram systemabout a Kilometre before the bridge.Catch Hitch at the Marmaray east in on-ramp to the direction of Gebze. A ticket costs roughly 5.20TL (~USD 0.92) as of June 2019, and you must use an Istanbulkart which you presumably havehighway from there.
Get off at Osmangazi Station (two stops before Gebze) as this is closer to the D-100 highway that will carry you east. Walk roughly 300m north up the road from the station until you get to the circle-underpass junction with the D-100 highway. A nice position just after the start of the on-ramp, where cars are still moving slowly, should score you a ride in minutes.== Wild camping ==
However, the majority of traffic here seems Hacı Osman Korusu park wild camping - ride metro line 2 to be going Darussafaka station and next to Izmit, which is past it on the bridge. Turn down rides if you have to until circle corner of streets Buyukder and Ulu streets you get one going can climb over the bridge, fance to YalovaHacı Osman Korusu park https:/Bursa/İzmir etcibb. If you're really stuck, take co/RHmd9jb Get only a short ride and ask your driver to drop you off on the side of the road at the off-ramp going to the bridge, and continue hitching from bit inside but be carefull there or after the interchange.ar some sharp plants
For some reason, the few kilometres before the bridge are exceptionally difficult to get a ride from. The traffic is thinner and, possibly to do with the expensive bridge toll, drivers are much less inclined to pick you up. Looking like a foreigner will help, as Turks often don't like stopping for other Turks or Arabs. If you're really stuck on that road leading up to the bridge, you'll have to walk a few km along it until you get to the Petrol Ofisi fuel station, about a Kilometre before the bridge. Hitch at the on-ramp to the highway from there.
== Public transport, sleeping, eating ==Look at [http://nomadwiki.org/en/Istanbul Nomadwiki] for these info!Büyükada island wild camping - you can get by paid ferry there
== Personal experiences Nomadwiki & Trashwiki ==
2020 february i hitchiked from Batumi border to Istanbul and 1200 km i did in 2.5 days (with sleeping in nights). Just stick to main highways and make text with big city 300 km away. On the paid highway i got ride in 5 minutes..{{nomadwiki}}
[[User:ESko|ESko]] Hitchhiking out was really a hassle. It is easy to get a lift, but people do not understand that you need to follow the highway. They think you want to take a bus, and thus it gets complicated. In other parts of Turkey I had a recorded message by Turkish friends explaining what I was actually doing and what I needed from drivers. I didn't have it when leaving IST, and it was a mistake. Get a Turkish friend to record a message on your phone which you can play to the drivers who give you a lift. It should say something like: "I'm from XY, and right now I'm hitchhiking from IST to X. Can you take me on this road as long as possible?"
2 times I hitchhiked from Istanbul to Asia and once back to Europe. I didn´t have any map of the city and I haven´t use any bus because hitchhiking from Istanbul is very easy. There are a lot of cars and turkish drivers will not let you wait. If you are goning to Asia and you´re still in european part so the best spot is probably on the start of Bosphorus bridge. To get out from Istanbul you always need to take more cars(about 3-5 cars). In this city you can use hitchhiking as a public transport, just raise you´re tumb and there is a big chance that you´ll come forexample to city center faster than by metro.(Král všech moří, 2016/17)
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[[trash:Istanbul]]
[[nomad:Istanbul]]
[[Category:Turkey]]
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