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Jerusalem

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|highways = 1, 50, 60, 443
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'''Jerusalem''' is a the largest city in Israel and serves as the [[Middle East]], capital of the state since its establishment in 1948. Jerusalem's status is under dispute between [[Israel]] and the Palestinians, both claiming it . The Palestinians have claims to the city including a claim to be their capital city.
== Hitching in ==
Be aware that Jerusalem is quite different from Tel Aviv, there is a lot of religious communities in the city. Some inhabitants and areas are very In '''religious neighborhoods''', it can be perceived as offensive not to dress modestly, and "modesty" is appreciated can attract unwelcomed attention. However, in the city center and sometimes somewhat violently enforced. Best old city (not to wear mini skirts and other outfits you would wear at inside the beach in Tel Avivreligious sites themselves, obviously) there is no such problem.
== Hitching out ==
=== French Hill junction ===
French Hill (or Hagiva Hatzarfatit) junction is a good place for hitchhiking to several places. You can hitch from it to the Dead Sea, towards route highway 90 and then (whether south towards Eilat or north towards [[Beit She'an]] and [[Tiberias]], Sea of Galilee and the [[Golan Heights]]), to Palestinian cities that are north of Jerusalem, and to West Bank/settlements north of Jerusalem (Samaria settlements, and ). It is also possible to hitch towards Tel Aviv (although this is not the best spot for Tel Aviv).
The easiest way to get there is by tram to Givat Hamivtar stop, and buses 457, 4a, 8, 37, 57 68 and 68 77 also go there. From the stop, walk 1 minute to the intersection that the tram rails cross diagonally. This is the junction, where route 1 and route 60 meet.
For To the following destinations: The Dead Sea, route highway 90 south or north and to the northern West Bank/Samaria, go to the big bus stop on route highway 1, right before the bridge([https://goo.gl/maps/q1G82KN3d6B2 Google street view]). The place is usually crowded with hitchhikers on their way to northern West Bank/Samaria settlements, and drivers stop often. There are times when there is a group of dozens of people hitching here, and some drivers even come with signs themselves, to show which settlement they’re going to. This group is almost always at the beginning of the bus stop, so if you’re going to the Dead Sea or route highway 90, it’s better to stand apart from the group, towards the back of the stop. A sign here can help.
You can hitch from the same place towards Ramallah (and from there you can reach Nablus and other Palestinian cities). Be advised that if you’re standing in this stop with a sign that says “Ramallah” on it, it's quite possible people are going to look at you like you’re crazy, and might try to convince you not to go there, that it’s dangerous, etc.
It’s also possible to hitch from this intersection to Tel Aviv. This is not the best spot to hitch towards Tel Aviv - use it only if you hitched here from the Dead Sea, northern Israel or from the West bank, and you wish to continue to Tel Aviv. On the other side of the big intersection there is a smaller bus stop. Cars that pass here might be going into Jerusalem, to road 443 or to road 1 towards Tel Avivthrough highway 1 or highway 443, so a sign here can be a big help. There are no good places to stop on road highway 1 except the Shaar Hagai petrol station, so it’s better to wait for a direct ride. If you can get a ride part of the way on road highway 443, to Modiin for example, that is much better, because there are bus stops in almost every intersection on that road.
=== East to the [[Dead Sea]], Northern Israel ===Basically you need to get a ride eastwards on highway 1.See French Hill junction above.:[[AmmanUser:Halt,_Stop!_Reudnitz_kommt.|Craig]] found it easy to get a lift even from inside Jerusalem. The bus stop mentioned above works perfect. Since you can get there taking the Tram ''or'' you hitchhike from in front the Damascus gate (sounds strange, but worked numerous times: 10 mins, 5 mins). Highway 1 ends at Beit-HaArava junction, where it meets highway 90, which can take you north towards Beit She'an, Tiberias and generally northern Israel (serving also Allenby border crossing and Sheikh Hussein border crossing to Amman) and south towards the Dead Sea and Eilat.So if you need to get to the Dead Sea and your ride goes to northern Israel (Beit She'an, Tiberias etc.) or vice versa, get off at the last junction before Beit HaArava - at Almog junction. Almog junction functions as a refreshment stop, so kiosks, mini-market and (free) toilets are available here, so that's the best way to hitch another ride. Beware! this is a desert area, so being near a refreshment stop helps. Some rides will get you as far as Ma'ale Adumin, Mishor Adumim, Mitzpeh Yeriho or other villages along highway 1 (Jerusalem-Dead Sea part of the highway, that is). With the exception of Ma'ale Adumim, you can definitely continue hitching along highway 1 ([[Jordan]]Ma'ale Adumim is connected to highway 1 via an interchange with nowhere to hitch on) . However it should be noted that finding a ride to the Dead Sea or to northern Israel from Jerusalem is quite common, and preferable to do in Jerusalem than along highway 1 by trying to continuously hitchhiking east. ==== Northern Israel: Tiberias and the Golan Heights ====
The road splits towards Amman and towards Tsemach Junciton near the southern shore of the Kinneret (the Dead Sea at Beit-HaArava of Galilee) serves as a major junction. Depending From there, you can either hitchhike to [[Tiberias]] by going westwards on highway 90, or use the [[trempiyada]] up to the Golan Heights by going eastwards to highway 92. People either drive up to highway 92 or highway 98 from there. Highway 98 goes right up to the Golan, and Road 92 runs along the west coast of the Kinneret from where you are in Jerusalemcan pick up Roads 789 or 87 to the Golan. Road 789 connects to highway 98 from where you can chose to either continue north or head south. highway 87 also connects to 98, but a bit later, there are two options for getting thereand it also turns west over the Kinneret or east through the center of the Golan until it picks up 98 at its end. [[File:Israel-erga hitching out of jerusalem.jpg|thumb|250|right|[[User:Erga|Erga]] modestly hitching out of Jerusalem]]
==== From East Jerusalem ====
Take service taxi ("sheirut") 36 from Damascus Gate in the direction of === East to [[Abu DisAmman]], a ride of 7 NIS only. Get off in Maale Adumin North junction and continue hitchhiking east. If you take this ride you get directly to road #1, from which you need to continue hitchhiking east towards the Dead Sea and [[Jordan.]] ===
==== From West Jerusalem ====You can go into Jordan through Allenby border crossing or Sheikh Hussein border crossing),Note that when going into Jordan:# via Allenby border crossing - requires having a Jordanian visa in advance (regardless of your nationality) since no visa can be issued on the border. The terminal itself is quite distant from highway 90, and impossible to walk (security won't allow it), so you'd need to hitch or take a taxi.# via Sheikh Hussein bridge near Beit She'an - getting to the terminal from Beit She'an is best done by hitching another local ride on highway 71 just east of its junction with highway 90.
See French Hill junction above.:=== South towards [[User:HaltEilat]],_Stop!_Reudnitz_kommt.|Craig[[Aqaba]], [[Taba]] found it easy to get a lift even from inside Jerusalem. The bus stop mentioned above works perfect. Since recently you can get there taking the Tram ''or'' you hitchhike from in front the Damascus gate (sounds strange, but worked numerous times: 10 mins, 5 mins[[Egypt]]).===
=== South towards Follow the direction to go to the [[EilatDead Sea]], and continue south to Eilat (south on [[Aqaba]] Highway 90 ([[Jordan]]Israel), [[Taba]] ([[Egypt|Highway 90]]until its end) ===.
Follow the direction to From there you can go to the towards a border crossing with [[Dead SeaAqaba]], but continue south on [[Highway 90 (Israel)|Highway 90Jordan]] until its end. From there you can continue east or south towards [[JordanTaba]], or south towards [[Egypt]].
[[File:Hitching_out_of_Jerusalem.JPG|thumb|right|220px|Orthodox Jews hitching out of Jerusalem]]
=== West towards [[Tel Aviv]], [[Haifa]], [[Be'er Sheva]] ===Take a bus or tram to the central bus station in Jerusalem (many bus lines go there). From the main entrance, head to the right (when looking away from the building). Go on walking further on Jaffa road, take a right below the tram bridge, and continue till you get to the main junction where the "Begin" highway splits off to the right. Continue straight past this junction, and on your right (after the petrol station) you will see a bus stop, the best spot to hitchhike([https://goo.gl/maps/i8hDtLdz8tu Google street view]). Most likely you will see other hitchhikers standing there too. If you get bored or want to burn some time, just behind you there is an ancient Palestinian old Arab village (Lifta), which was deserted in 1948. Go down the stairs and find your way to the local spring.
In case it's too crowded you might be better off going a bit back up the street to the [[petrol station hitchhiking|petrol stations]] and hitch there. Also, Israeli hitchhikers seem to have an aversion against [[signs]], so if you're not local using a sign could work out in your advantage.
There As it is also fairly easy to find a [[petrol station hitchhiking|petrol station]] on the Jerusalem-ride to Tel Aviv highway at Shaar Hagai (שער הגיא‎) [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=gas+station&hl=en&cd=10&ei=6SqMS7XXIYivOJe28LcG&sig2=rVVbYMtdQ5gwWRR4lSrEAA&sll=31.799391,35.108185&sspn=0.250939,0.376282&ie=UTF8&view=map&cid=10709258174763436664&ved=0CBIQpQY&hq=gas+station&hnear=&ll=31.88572,35.024414&spn=0.501407,0.752563&z=10&iwloc=A Google map link] This might be useful if don't get a ride is not going all that only goes part of the way to . There are no spots along Highway 1 from Jerusalem To Tel Aviv as there are very few spots to stop where one can hitch on the highway between the two cities.
=== North towards [[Tiberias]]If you're going to Haifa, [[Golan Heights]] ===getting to Tel Aviv will serve you well. If you're going to Be'er Sheva, better get on a ride that goes south.
Follow the same directions as for Amman and the Dead Sea, but continue north on highway 90 from the Beit HaArava Junction until you reach the Tsemach Junciton at the bottom of the Kinneret. From there, you can either hitchhike to [[Tiberias]] by going westwards on Road 90, or use the [[trempiyada]] up to the Golan. People either drive up to Road 92 or Road 98 from there. Road 98 goes right up to the Golan, and Road 92 runs along the west coast of the Kinneret from where you can pick up Roads 789 or 87 to the Golan. Highway 789 connects to Road 98 from where you can chose to either continue north or head south. Road 87 also connects to 98, but a bit later, and it also turns west over the Kinneret or east through the centre of the Golan until it picks up 98 at its end.
 
[[File:Israel-erga hitching out of jerusalem.jpg|thumb|250|right|[[User:Erga|Erga]] modestly hitching out of Jerusalem]]
=== To [[Ramallah]], [[Samaria]] (northern [[West Bank]]) ===
See French Hill Junction above. Rides from here are available to the Ramallah area ([[Ramallah]], [[Ofra]], etc.) As well as further in, towards [[Nablus]], via "Tapuach Junction" ([[Ariel]], [[Salfit]], [[Buddya]] etc.)
However, due to the lack of rides to this area, it is probably best to take a service taxi (very cheap) to this area from Damascus gate in Jerusalem.
=== To [[Bethlehem]], [[JudeaJudaea]] (southern [[West Bank]]) ===A bus ride to Bethlehem only costs 8 NIS, consider using the bus. Bus #231 or #234 can be taken from the bus terminal in front of Damscus gate of the Old City of Jerusalem.:[[User:Halt,_Stop!_Reudnitz_kommt.|Craig]] got a lift from in front the Damascus gate around 8pm (20 mins). Go to the junction before the cars go down the tunnel. there is enough space to stop. Sometimes people cannot cross the checkpoint and will drop you off. Try to sneak by the tough pedestrian checkpoint and flag down cars in front of the car crossing. Saves time and nerves =)
Take the Hitching: take bus #6, #14, #18 or #31 to Malha mall/Teddy stadium. The bus to Giloh (you'll have to ask people how to get to stop beneath the ''large pedestrian-only bridge linking Malha mall and Teddy stadium serves as [[trempiyada]]''. From there you can hitch rides to [[Bethlehem]] and [[Gush Etzion]] areas, area (including [[Efrat]], [[Bethlehem]], [[Alon Shvut]]etc.), etc, as well as further south, to the [[Hebron]] area of [[Hebron]], and [[Kiryat Arba]], [[Tarqumia]], [[Yatta]], etc. To get to the latter area, however, it is better to You can hitch a ridge ride to [[Gush Etzion Junction]], and try continue from there.From to most of the Palestinan bus terminal villages in front of Damascuus Gate you can get a bus straight Gush Etzion or on to [[Bethlehem]] Hebron and [[Beit Jala]]. It runs every 30 mins and takes a little more to BethlehemKiryat Arba.:[[User:HaltThough,_Stop!_Reudnitz_kommt.|Craig]] got a lift from in front the Damascus gate around 8pm (20 mins). Go to get to the junction before the cars go down the tunnel. Hebron or Kiryat Arba, there is enough space to stopa bus #381 which costs just 8. Sometimes people cannot cross the checkpoint and will drop you off1 NIS. Try to sneak by the tough pedestrian checkpoint and flag down cars in front of the car crossing. Saves time and nerves =)
:[[User:Vulla|Vulla]] You can consider to walk instead of HH. Jerusalem to Bethlem is just 8 km. I've done it in less than 2 hours walking slow and take my time. The view is not the best but if you arrive walking you will able to see the big wall which it separetes Israel to the West Bank. You have to take the entrance for tourists,very fast, few people pass there. The palestinian pass by another gate. Above all you will see the wall and read the different stories of the palestinian during the occupation and you will see many grafitti on the wall, some of them were made by Bansky. Bansky's graffitti are spread around Jerusalem but if you go to the center the (annoyng) taxies will take you to a tour to see Bansky's graffiti.
== Sleep ==
Blackriding is not possible in buses, because you have to pass by the driver as you enter. On the tram it is possible, but keep in mind there are quite a lot of checkups (maybe as much as once every 5 rides, or so). Inspectors wear white buttoned shirts in summer, sometimes with a yellow reflector vest on top, and dark blue coats in winter. They come in twos or threes, and are usually quite strict. As of September 2013, there are no "undercover"/plainclothes inspectors.
Single tram tickets are only valid for the day you bought them. There is a 90-minute transfer time for public transport in West Jerusalem- that's the tram and the green buses; East Jerusalem buses (the white ones with blue or green writing) are not included. If you bought and used a ticket, and will not use it again within the 90-minute time, why not give it away to somebody in the tram/bus stop? Random kindness to strangers is always good. If you plan on using public transport often, better use the electronic card. Charging rides on an electronic card gets you 20% off for single rides (for a ride you pay 80% of the price of a single ticket-ride), alternatively using the electronic card you can also purchase a daily-pass ׂ(13.5 NIS, just over the price of 2 single tickets) or weekly-pass (64 NIS, just over the price of 10 single tickets). Electronic cards. which are called "Rav Kav", are sold on most buses for 5 NIS.
There's no public transport in West Jerusalem from about 2 hours before dark on Friday evening to 1 hour after dark on Saturday nightor during Jewish holidays. East However, buses that serve Arab neighborhoods in east Jerusalem buses keep running regularly.
[[trash:Jerusalem]]
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