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|district = Jerusalem District
|map = <map lat='31.78' lng='35.22' zoom='11' view='0' country='Israel'/>
|pop = 804400 882,652 (20132016); Metropolitan Area 1,027,400 (2008)
|highways = 1, 50, 60, 443
'''Jerusalem''' is a the largest city in Israel and the [[Middle East]], capital of the state since its establishment in 1948. Jerusalem's status is under dispute between [[Israel]] and the Palestinians, both claiming it . The Palestinians have claims to the city including a claim to be their capital city.
== Hitching in ==
Be aware that Jerusalem is quite different from Tel Aviv, there is a lot of religious communities in the city. Some inhabitants In '''religious neighborhoods''', it can be perceived as offensive not to dress modestly, and areas are very can attract unwelcomed attention. However, in the city center and old city (not inside the religious and "modesty" sites themselves, obviously) there is appreciated no such problem.You can hitch hike in the nighbourhods, just find deserted stations and sometimes somewhat violently enforcedtry. Best not to wear mini skirts most of the city are walkable and other outfits the buses are cheap. Make plastic card "Rav Kav', otherwise you would wear at can't pay. It's free and possible to make in the beach in Tel Aviv.CBS and another spots
== Hitching out ==
[[File:CraigIsraelKfarAdomim.jpg|thumb|220px|right|[[User:Halt, Stop! Reudnitz kommt.|Craig]] at Maale Adumim Junction en route to Dead Sea (5 mins).]]
[Moriya:] Jerusalem has at least 6-7 roads to get out,to different directions. It's changes often by the massive constractions but in general, choose your next destination and ask local where the best spot to hitch out. the following is list of spots based on the direction:
=== French Hill junction ===
French Hill == MAIN Junction to get out: =="Hayeziaa Me'A'ir"- The enternace of the city, called as well Ginot Sacharov. (or Hagiva Hatzarfatit[ Google street view]) junction is a good place for hitchhiking 1 road, the huge Trempiyada that close to several placesthe CBS. You can hitch from it 's the road to the Dead SeaTel Aviv, towards route 90 Haifa and then south towards Eilat or north towards Tiberiasall Gush Dan, Sea of Galilee and the Golan Heightsway to the states highways- 2, 6.. If you come from city center, you walk through tram lines to Palestinian cities that are north of Jerusalemthe ugly bridge, and down the bridge you continue will see 2 crossroads and on your right will be to West Bank/Samaria settlementspetrols stations- yellow one and one call Sonol. Keep staright. you will see huge place to stand, bus statins and towards Tel Aviv often tons of people that hitch hike too. find your spot and stand. Most likely you will see other hitchhikers standing there too. If you get bored or want to burn some time, just behind you there is an old Arab village (although Lifta), which was deserted in 1948. Go down the stairs and find your way to the local spring. Although basicly from this is spot people go to all the country, not many people stop, and you may stuck inside all the best spot for Tel Aviv)traffic jams. So if you want easyer, beautyer and often shorter way to south or north, use another way.
The easiest way Hitch hike to get there is by Tel Aviv on road 443: You can stand at French Hill just in the other side of the tram to of Givat Hamivtar stop. This is not the best spot to hitch towards Tel Aviv - use it only if you hitched here from the Dead Sea, and buses 4northern Israel or from the West bank, 4a, 8, 37, 57 and 68 also go thereyou wish to continue to Tel Aviv. From On the other side of the big intersection there is a smaller bus stop. Cars that pass here might be going into Jerusalem, walk or towards Tel Aviv through highway 1 minute or highway 443, so a sign here can be a big help. There are no good places to stop on highway 1 except the Hemed station and Latrun intersection . It’s better to wait for a direct ride. If you can get a ride part of the way on highway 443, to Modiin for example, that the tram rails cross diagonally. This is the junctionmuch better, where route 1 and route 60 meetbecause there are bus stops in almost every intersection on that road.
For == To the Dead Seanorth, route 90 south or north and the West Bank/Samaria, go to the big bus stop on route 1, right before the bridge. The place is usually crowded with hitchhikers on their way to West Bank/Samaria settlements, and drivers stop often. There are times when there is a group of dozens of people hitching here, and some drivers even come with signs themselves, to show which settlement they’re going to. This group is almost always at the beginning of the bus stop, so if you’re going to the Dead Sea or route 90, it’s better to stand apart from the group, towards the back of the stop. A sign here can help. sea: ==
You can Jerusalem locate, geographicly in the excat center of Israel, which explaines why to hitch from hike to nirth and south is the same place towards Ramallah spot. for years, the best way was through the Trempiyada in French hill, but roads changed and people barely stop there nowdays .(and 2018) Currently spot is the station to Maa'le Adumim that close to the Hebrew Uni. From city center- take the tram to Ammunition Hill, ''or'' you hitchhike from there in front the Damascus gate (sounds strange, but worked numerous times: 10 mins, 5 mins). Get down, cross the road to the right, you can reach Nablus see huge white stutue on your left. Keep it on your left. and other Palestinian cities)start walk, You will walk like 15 minutes. Be advised Than you will see station that have many buses that stop. Check if you’re standing in this stop with a sign that says “Ramallah” on it, it's quite possible people written that there is a bus that go to Kfar Adumim. if the answer iis yes- than you are going in the right staation. Take a lift to look at Kfar Adumim (or further) you like you’re crazywill pass Maale Adumim, and might Mishor Adumim. when you get down, you will see that you are in road 1#. all the lifts good for you, try to convince get to Bet Haarava junction, where road 1 meets highway 90, which can take you north towards Beit She'an, Tiberias and generally northern Israel (serving also Allenby border crossing and Sheikh Hussein border crossing to Amman) and south towards the Dead Sea and Eilat.So if you not need to get to the Dead Sea and your ride goes to go therenorthern Israel (Beit She'an, Tiberias etc.) or vice versa, get off at the last junction before Beit HaArava - at Almog junction. Almog junction functions as a refreshment stop, so kiosks, mini-market and (free) toilets are available here, so that it’s dangerous's the best way to hitch another ride. Beware! this is a desert area, etcso being near a refreshment stop helps.
It’s also possible to hitch from this intersection to Tel Aviv. On == To the other side of the big intersection there is a smaller bus stop. Cars that pass here might be going into Jerusalem, to road 443 or to road 1 towards Tel Aviv, so a sign here can be a big help. There are no good places to stop on road 1 except the Shaar Hagai petrol station, so it’s better to wait for a direct ride. If you can get a ride part of the way on road 443, to Modiin for example, that is much betterwest bank- north area: Binyamin and Samaria sttelments, because there are bus stops in almost every intersection on that road.Nablus and cet: ==
=== East Check the section of [[west bank]] for more detalis, but anyways, from Jerusalem: French Hill used to be the best spots, but it's changed (2018). Nowdays the Trempiyada is in Hizma Junction. take the tram to Sayert Duchifat (almost last station), get down and take the crossroad to your right. there is a station, not so good spot but for lazy people you can hitch hike there insted of walk 20 minutes down in the road to Hizma junction. every lift is good to Hizma Junction, and sometime you will get lift straight to your destination. Hizma Junction is a soldiers checkpoint, you will see many people standing there. Sign can help and watch the que.The people that stop will be 90% of the time religius setllers, so if you want to go to Rammalla cheeck where excatly you need to get down to coninue, and be aware that people will not like the idea you go there, and can't give you ride straight to there, due the politics issues. You can hitch from the same place towards Ramallah (and from there you can reach Nablus and other Palestinian cities). Be advised that if you’re standing in this stop with a sign that says “Ramallah” on it, it's quite possible people are going to look at you like you’re crazy, and might try to convince you not to go there, that it’s dangerous, etc. It's almost secret but you can even hitch hike to Netania, Tel Aviv, Haifa from this stop if you heading to Samaria (through 60 road, 5, 6) but it longer and you will need many lifts. Rides from here are available to the Ramallah area ([[Ramallah]], [[Dead SeaOfra]], etc.) As well as further in, towards [[AmmanNablus]] , via "Tapuach Junction" ([[JordanAriel]], [[Salfit]], [[Buddya]]etc.) ===The buses to this area are really cheap (sometime 3 shekels!) so check where you need exactly to go and your time- maybe bus is better..
The road splits towards Amman and towards == To the Dead Sea at Beitwest bank- south- Gush Ezyon, Hebron, Beer Sheva-HaArava junction== Same rules about the [[west bank]] section. Take bus to Gilo (71, 31, 30..) get down in Afarsemon street. Depending cross to the left, you will see huge road, on the left there is Trempiyada. If you need to Go to Hebron, ask people where exactly to stand. If you are not sure where to get down ask the driver, where is the Gush Ezyon's Trempiyada. To Tekoa (Gush Ezyon) : take the bus to Har Homa (Homat Shmuel) 74, 75. Get down in Shmuel Meir-Kvish 378. It's the same way to Bet Lechem, but Israelies car not aloud to go there, and arabs not aloud to do the way around.A bus ride to Bethlehem only costs 8 NIS, consider using the bus. Bus #231 or #234 can be taken from the bus terminal in front of Damscus gate of the Old City of Jerusalem. You can hitch a ride to [[Gush Etzion Junction]] and continue from there to most of the villages in Gush Etzion or on to Hebron and Kiryat Arba.Though, to get to the Hebron or Kiryat Arba, there are two options for getting there:is a bus #381 which costs just 8.1 NIS.
==== From East Jerusalem ==== Take service taxi ("sheirut") 36 from Damascus Gate in the direction of [[Abu Dis]], a ride of 7 NIS only. Get off in Maale Adumin North junction and continue hitchhiking east. If you take this ride you get directly to road #1, from which you need to continue hitchhiking east towards the Dead Sea and Jordan. ==== From West Jerusalem ==== See French Hill junction above.:[[User:Halt,_Stop!_Reudnitz_kommt.|Craig]] found it easy to get a lift even from inside Jerusalem. The bus stop mentioned above works perfect. Since recently you can get there taking the Tram ''or'' you hitchhike from in front the Damascus gate (sounds strange, but worked numerous times: 10 mins, 5 mins). === South towards [[Eilat]], [[Aqaba]] ([[Jordan]]), [[Taba]] ([[Egypt]]) === Follow the direction to go to the [[Dead Sea]], but continue south on [[Highway 90 (Israel)|Highway 90]] until its end. From there you can continue east towards [[Jordan]], or south towards [[Egypt]]. [[File:Hitching_out_of_Jerusalem.JPG|thumb|right|220px|Orthodox Jews hitching out of Jerusalem]] === West towards [[Tel Aviv]] ===Take a bus or tram to the central bus station in Jerusalem (many bus lines go there). From the main entrance, head to the right (when looking away from the building). Go on walking further on Jaffa road, take a right below the tram bridge, and continue till you get to the main junction where the "Begin" highway splits off to the right. Continue straight past this junction, and on your right (after the petrol station) you will see a bus stop, the best spot to hitchhike. Most likely you will see other hitchhikers standing there too. If you get bored or want to burn some time, just behind you there is an ancient Palestinian village (Lifta), which was deserted in 1948. Go down the stairs and find your way to the local spring. In case it's too crowded you might be better off going a bit back up the street to the [[petrol station hitchhiking|petrol stations]] and hitch there. Also, Israeli hitchhikers seem to have an aversion against [[signs]], so if you're not local using a sign could work out in your advantage. There is also a [[petrol station hitchhiking|petrol station]] on the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway at Shaar Hagai (שער הגיא‎) [,35.108185&sspn=0.250939,0.376282&ie=UTF8&view=map&cid=10709258174763436664&ved=0CBIQpQY&hq=gas+station&hnear=&ll=31.88572,35.024414&spn=0.501407,0.752563&z=10&iwloc=A Google map link] This might be useful if a ride is not going all the way to Tel Aviv as there are very few spots to stop on the highway between the two cities. === North towards [[Tiberias]], [[Golan Heights]] === Follow the same directions as for Amman and the Dead Sea, but continue north on highway 90 from the Beit HaArava Junction until you reach the Tsemach Junciton at the bottom of the Kinneret. From there, you can either hitchhike to [[Tiberias]] by going westwards on Road 90, or use the [[trempiyada]] up to the Golan. People either drive up to Road 92 or Road 98 from there. Road 98 goes right up to the Golan, and Road 92 runs along the west coast of the Kinneret from where you can pick up Roads 789 or 87 to the Golan. Highway 789 connects to Road 98 from where you can chose to either continue north or head south. Road 87 also connects to 98, but a bit later, and it also turns west over the Kinneret or east through the centre of the Golan until it picks up 98 at its end. [[File:Israel-erga hitching out of jerusalem.jpg|thumb|250|right|[[User:Erga|Erga]] modestly hitching out of Jerusalem]] === To [[Ramallah]], [[Samaria]] ([[West Bank]]) === See French Hill Junction above. Rides from here are available to the Ramallah area ([[Ramallah]], [[Ofra]], etc.) As well as further in, towards [[Nablus]], via "Tapuach Junction" ([[Ariel]], [[Salfit]], [[Buddya]] etc.) However, due to the lack of rides to this area, it is probably best to take a service taxi (very cheap) to this area from Damascus gate in Jerusalem. === To [[Bethlehem]], [[Judea]] ([[West Bank]]) === Take the #31 bus to Giloh (you'll have to ask people how to get to the ''[[trempiyada]]''. From there you can hitch rides to [[Bethlehem]] and [[Gush Etzion]] areas, ([[Efrat]], [[Bethlehem]], [[Alon Shvut]]), etc, as well as further south, to the [[Hebron]] area of [[Hebron]], [[Kiryat Arba]], [[Tarqumia]], [[Yatta]], etc. To get to the latter area, however, it is better to hitch a ridge to [[Gush Etzion Junction]], and try from there.From the Palestinan bus terminal in front of Damascuus Gate you can get a bus straight to [[Bethlehem]] and [[Beit Jala]]. It runs every 30 mins and takes a little more to Bethlehem.:[[User:Halt,_Stop!_Reudnitz_kommt.|Craig]] got a lift from in front the Damascus gate around 8pm (20 mins). Go to the junction before the cars go down the tunnel. there is enough space to stop. Sometimes people cannot cross the checkpoint and will drop you off. Try to sneak by the tough pedestrian checkpoint and flag down cars in front of the car crossing. Saves time and nerves =) [[User:Vulla|Vulla]] You can consider to walk instead of HH. Jerusalem to Bethlem is just 8 km. I've done it in less than 2 hours walking slow and take my time. The view is not the best but if you arrive walking you will able to see the big wall which it separetes Israel to the West Bank. You have to take the entrance for tourists,very fast, few people pass there. The palestinian pass by another gate. Above all you will see the wall and read the different stories of the palestinian during the occupation and you will see many grafitti on the wall, some of them were made by Bansky. Bansky's graffitti are spread around Jerusalem but if you go to the center the (annoyng) taxies will take you to a tour to see Bansky's graffiti. == Sleep == === Free hospitality ===In projects such as [ BeWelcome] and [ CouchSurfing] you can find many Jerusalemic members who will host you for a night or two in their homes... === Hostels and cheap accommodation ===As a rule of thumb, the Western part of the city is much (much!) more expensive than the Eastern part, especially when it comes to hostels. In the old city and around Damascus gate you can find a dorm bed for as little as 20 NIS (4 Euro) for a night. Check [ Wikivoyage] for more details. === Camping === A good place to camp close to the city center is Sacher Park. It's big enough to camp without being noticed, and even if you are noticed there's a good chance nobody cares. Close by, and a bit more secluded, is the Valley of the Cross, where you can also make a fire - just look for a place where people have made fires before. A bonus in this spot is you would be camping close to a beautiful [ 11th century monastery].  == Public Transportation == Blackriding is not possible in buses, because you have to pass by the driver as you enter. On the tram it is possible, but keep in mind there are quite a lot of checkups (maybe as much as once every 5 rides, or so). Inspectors wear white buttoned shirts in summer, sometimes with a yellow reflector vest on top, and dark blue coats in winter. They come in twos or threes, and are usually quite strict. As of September 2013, there are no "undercover"/plainclothes inspectors. Single tram tickets are only valid for the day you bought them. There is a 90-minute transfer time for public transport in West Jerusalem- that's the tram and the green buses; East Jerusalem buses (the white ones with blue or green writing) are not included. If you bought and used a ticket, and will not use it again within the 90-minute time, why not give it away to somebody in the tram/bus stop? Random kindness to strangers is always good. There's no public transport in West Jerusalem from about 2 hours before dark on Friday evening to 1 hour after dark on Saturday night. East Jerusalem buses keep running regularly.  [[trash:Jerusalem]]{{IsIn|Israel}} [[he: ירושלים]]

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