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Canada

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For specific information about provinces and territories, have a look at the bottom of the page{{Infobox Country|country = Canada|map = <map lat='60.673178565817715' lng='-97.03125'zoom='2'Canadaview='0'float='right' is the northernmost country of ='Canada'/>|language = English, French|capital = [[North AmericaOttawa]] and is composed of ten provinces and three territories. English and French are the two official languages of the country|pop = 34, English being spoken by 2/3 of the population is the majority language in most provinces while French is the main official language in the province of Quebec but widely spoken in New Brunswick and some areas of Ontario001, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Manitoba. Inuktitut is the main language in Nunavut and has official status there but English is widely spoken. So for the convenience of the common hitchhiker these provinces and territories are discussed in detail along with their capitals in the following pages000 (2009 est.)__NOTOC__|currency = Canadian Dollar ($CAD)Canada is a wide |hitch = <rating country where many visitors do not really realise its scale prior to their arrival and neither realise the various extreme temperature that can suddenly happen and hit at different season. Certain nothern rural regions in each provinces are inhabited by a scarce or even absent permanent population. It might not always be bright to adventure yourself into some wild or less inhabited part of the country without the proper equipement nor having registered yourself to some local authorities prior to do such journey. As a simple reminder='ca' />|BW = CA|neighbour = ([[Greenland]]), the density of population is about 3,2 habitants/km² and about 75% of that population lives in the south by the border with the USA. It is common [[Saint-Pierre and normal in some part of the country to drive few hundreds km without any living soul in the area. Noneless to say, even if the country bear some similitude with its southern Miquelon|Saint Pierre and only neighbourMiquelon]] (''incorporated''), the [[United Statesof America]]}}'''For specific information about provinces and territories, see the cultural and life approach bottom of the population is quite uniquepage.'''
For a journey over '''Canada''' is the northernmost country, the of [[Transcanadian HighwayNorth America]] and is comprised of ten provinces and three territories. English and French are the two official languages of the country. English, being spoken by 3/4 of the population, is the majority language in most provinces. French is the main road crossing official language in the country coast to coastprovince of Quebec, but also widely spoken in New Brunswick and some areas of Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Manitoba. The highway system Inuktitut is specific to every the main language in Nunavut and has official status there but English is still widely spoken. For the convenience of the common hitchhiker the provinces and usually quite comprehensiveterritories are discussed in detail, along with their capitals, in separate pages.
=== Local Attitude ===For a journey across the country, the [[Trans-Canada Highway]] is the main road crossing the country east to west. However, the highway system numbering system is specific to every province.
The vast majority of the population lives in harmony within their vast country=== Car Number Plate ===Just like its southern neighbour, this has been enabled by the size [[United States of the country which allowed people to live using America|United States]], every provinces are issuing their own belief, languages or religion without necesserily being bothered by anybody else in a 'Live and let live' motto. Therefore, hate crime are absent and major ''difference'' clash more rare but especially existing during some specific peak situation usually caused by an intern political tumult. It might be useful for a traveller to know if there is an important referendum or political crisis going on, deciding on the future of the country as your accent might 'tag' you to one or another of the country's nation and therefore become a ball and chaincar plates. For example, it might not always be of good help to be White in some First Nation reserves, sounding French in some parts of the country or English in others during a National Referendum or Election time. As many people might think you are car from the other part Manitoba will have a specific [[wikipedia:License plates of the country when aboarding them and be less keen to helpCanada|Car licenses]] tagged as such.
== Telecommunication =Local attitude ===Even if the country bears some similitude with its southern (and only) neighbour, the [[United States of America|United States]], the cultural and life outlook of the population is markedly unique.
The best and cheapest way is to contact people majority of the Canadian population lives in harmony within their vast country. The size of the area you are is country has allowed people to find the nearest phone boothlive using their own beliefs, languages or religion without being bothered by anybody else, there are usually plenty within in a city 'Live and even the in country side, usually you will find one by every petrol station, shops or restaurantlet live' motto. Unlike many countries Therefore, they hate crimes are always in good condition mostly absent and reliable so always make sure to have a few major 'quarter' available. Local calls now costs two difference'quarter' (50 cents) although for some stupid historical divisions and economical reasonsclashes even rarer, in some areas some phone booths will belong to another company and what seems to but may exist. It might be useful for a local call will in fact traveler to be a 'long distance call' and will request an higher amount. If aware of the person you are trying current political situation to contact is expecting avoid getting into a call from youdiscussion which may offend more than anything else. Sometimes, during such situations, it would might not be worth helpful to contact them 'collect'. It usually cost less than the amount requested by the booth and it is normal practice (does not apply for mobile phone!) to receive and accept collect callhitchhike as a white in a First Nation reserve, or sound French in an English area, or visa versa. To do a collect call That said, simply dial '0' Canadians are generally friendly and follow the instructions of the operatorforget their stereotypes once they meet you in person.
Mobile phone are not widely spread within The rural population will usually be keen to help if the traveler is making the country and first steps into breaking the 'stranger in the networks are expensivelocality' image, unreliable, primitive as the split between country- and only cover certain urban areascity-folk is also existent. A mobile phone user The rural community feeling is usually pay to make call pretty strong and when people believe you belong there and to receive callact more altruistic. However, he will also usually some rural regions have no signal when he reaches large populations of urban commuters which has the nearest mountains or hillstendency to bring a more individualistic mentality.
Internet cafés are rare and will only be existing in main urban and touristic centre. They are usually not used by locals, so it It is possible worth noting that nobody knows if there is one in Quebec, the surroundingcarshare website "AmigoExpress" is extremely popular. In rural areas, Internet might not even exists or be limited Worth checking out if a bit pressed for time and have a bit of cash to dial-up onlyspare. Colleges and Universities are usually providing huge computer classes for their students but those There are only accessible with username more than 50 rides a day between Quebec and password, it might be worth to ask though people might be keen enough to help you with itMontreal at costs of 10-15 CAD.
== [[Winter Hitch-hiking ]] hitchhiking =='''Be careful!'''
BE CAREFUL!Canada is a vast country (the second biggest in the world) and many visitors do not realize its size or extremes in temperature prior to arrival. Certain northern rural regions are inhabited by few or even no permanent population, so it might not always be bright to adventure by yourself into some wild or less inhabited part of the country without the proper equipment or having registered yourself to some local authorities prior to such a journey. As a simple reminder, the density of population is about 3.2 habitants/km², and about 75 % of that population lives in the south, nestled by the US border. It is normal in some parts of the country to drive a hundred kilometres without any living soul.
With temperature often dropping beneath -30 −30 Celsius, you should not stand outside more than 15 minutes, . It's VERY important to make sure you wear the appropriate gear and make sure that you are take precautions to never being be stuck anywhereoutside without shelter.
The majority of In winter the roads will can be slippery, icy or narrowed by the snowbank. So , so it will often be impossible hard for cars to stop by and pull over safely and they . Drivers won't do it if they candon't feel safe as the risk of causing an accident might be too high , and the driver would have to bear entire responsability responsibility of it towards his their [[insurance]]. It's even more important in icy conditions to make sure you find a hitching spot where there is good visibility and a safe place to pull over.
On another handIn some areas, especially in the northern territories, every citizen should be is bound by law to provide help and safety to every citizen in needs by need from the hazard hazards of temperature and nature. The reaction towards that will often differ, going from immediate support to a 'where have you left your brain... !?!? being out by this weather!'. It is true that it will Your actions may be perceived as quite stupid and irresponsible to have dared outside without all being prepared for the effective preparation by such weather, as most locals way prefer to enjoy the cosiness of their home by such in winter storms. For that reason, shops, restaurants, or gas stations usually won't kick you off their property in extreme temperatureweather. In the summer it's different, and you may be asked to leave if there is no danger from the outside elements.
Although and for that reason== Experiences ==''I have hitchhiked many thousands of miles through most of the provinces. Getting rides is usually slightly easier than the [[United States]], no shops, restaurants or gas stations would be allowed to kick you out but harder in some places. The cost of their propertyfood makes travel here very expensive. Either no car should be allowed to ignore you if the needs Border crossing as an American citizen is there. This would incredibly frustrating! It usually be takes four to six hours of intense interrogation of myself and violation of the case in rural areas while privacy of other people in urban areas might simply think, someone else can do itmy life. If you feel your life threatened by The first time I was held and interrogated for over six hours and eventually turned away because I couldn't provide documentation proving that I had a reason to return to the hazard of nature, you are allowed states; they wanted me to do anything possible buy a return bus ticket to get help by the surrounding. Which would include entering prove I was only staying a houseshort while, 'stopping' sorry, not happening! Well I got a car or denouncing little crafty with their requirements and subsequent attempts to the authorities any refusal for helpenter have been easier, heh. This does not mean You may have to get creative, but where there's a will, there'abuse'' and, is to be use logically and tactfullys a way. Bear in mind that if you attempt such behaviour, an investigation might be done afterwhile to verify if you didnDon't put yourself at risk at your own will and full knowledge of the consequencesgive up! This is a beautiful country! Which situation you are, by law'' [[User:Thewindandrain|Thewindandrain]] ([[User talk:Thewindandrain|talk]]) 00:45, not allowed to find yourself into!5 June 2013 (CEST)
== Nomadwiki & Trashwiki ==
== Border Crossing == Canada has only one neighbour, the [[United States]], and even if this border is known as the longest unprotected border in the world, entering the country as a backpacker, hiker or hitch-hiker might reveal to be a hard thing, especially since 2001. The border control is now more thighten, especially since the non-proven allegation that some terrorists came from Canada, and several questions are asked according to the relations between the passengers in a car. Because of these strong security measures, a hitch-hiker probably will have to cross the border by foot and start again once the control is done. You might also discuss with your driver beforehand in the matter to get to know each other and to ensure that everything will be alright with the crossing and that he is fine with the hassle (or fine waiting for you if you are being interogated aside). The vast majority of the drivers will most likely be frisky at helping a stranger to cross from Canada to the States in their car. The best way to be at a border control is too remain calm, be confident, do not lie and simply answer the question as asked without being witty or vague. Just remember that you do not have to tell that you are bumming around and bring some suspicious travelling plan (yes, hiking and hitching around in a ''blown by the wind way'' is a suspicious thing! Especially for the the average citizen!). So just be reliable, show enthousiasm and that your adventure is part of a life plan holiday... not a way to escape reality. It is custom to be ask to prove that you have the means to sustain your holiday (money) and that your holiday is part of a plan (a return ticket).  ===== While Crossing the Border ===== Don't panic! Just because a border guard treats you like a scumbag doesn't mean you are one. Armed with this attitude try and maintain your dignity and self-confidence throughout the encounter and the guard will more likely respect you (even if he or she doesn't show it). Trust me, things will go more smoothly. If you're passing the border inside a car, don't volunteer the fact that you are a hitchhiker. But if it becomes obvious, don't try and deny it, either. Remember, there's no shame in hitching. === Passports for U.S. and Canadian citizens === U.S. and Canadian citizens are NOT required to show a passport. At least not yet. That doesn't mean a border guard won't ask to see one, though. But, a border guard is not supposed to deny you just because you don't have a passport. Until January of 2008, border guards are supposed to continue accepting "oral declarations of citizenship" which basically means, "you have to believe me because I told you so." If you are a U.S. citizen going into Canada or a Canadian going into the U.S., a guard can deny you entry for a number of reasons (usually because of a criminal record or you don't look like you have enough money for lunch at a fast-food restaurant). But don't think that just 'cause you don't own a passport you can't cross. You can.  ''Every border crossing point will usually be discussed in greater details in the appropriate province page.''{{nomadwiki}}
{{Provinces Canada}}
{{IsIn|North America}}
[[Category:Canada| ]]
[[Categoryde:Canada|*Kanada]][[Categoryes:North AmericaCanadá]][[Categoryfr:AmericasCanada]]
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