Difference between revisions of "Finland"

From Hitchwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Crossing the borders)
m (Links)
 
(35 intermediate revisions by 18 users not shown)
Line 5: Line 5:
 
|pop = 5,301,701
 
|pop = 5,301,701
 
|currency = Euro (€)
 
|currency = Euro (€)
|hitch = {{good}}
+
|hitch = <rating country='fi' />
 +
|BW = FI
 
|map = <map lat='64.8' lng='25.9' zoom='4' view='0' width='300' height='350' country='Finland'/>
 
|map = <map lat='64.8' lng='25.9' zoom='4' view='0' width='300' height='350' country='Finland'/>
 
}}
 
}}
'''Finland''' is a part of the Northern [[Europe]], one of the Nordic countries. It is a member state of the [[European Union]] as well as the [[Schengen Agreement]]. Its neighbouring countries are [[Sweden]], [[Norway]] and [[Russia]], but possibly the most probable transit country on your way hitchhiking there is [[Estonia]]. Most people use this way which is called "[[Via Baltica]]" - it is a road [[E67]] between [[Helsinki]], Finland and [[Prague]], [[Czech Republic]] through Baltic States and [[Poland]].
+
'''Finland''' is a part of the Northern [[Europe]] and one of the Nordic countries. It is a member state of the [[European Union]] as well as the [[Schengen Agreement]]. Its neighbouring countries are [[Sweden]], [[Norway]] and [[Russia]], but the most probable transit country on your way hitchhiking there from Southern Europe is [[Estonia]] as the [[E67|Via Baltica]] ([[E67]]) road connects Finland with [[Prague]] via the Baltic States and [[Poland]].
  
Hitchhiking seems pretty easy in the Northern part of Finland. It could be a good idea to avoid motorways and opt for smaller local roads once you get closer to Helsinki - sure, there will be less traffic, however, you will get more space for the cars to stop, and avoid a chance of getting stuck on some unlit motorway ramp in the middle of nowhere (consider the early darkness when hitchhiking in autumn/winter!)
+
It is illegal to hitchhike directly on motorways (''moottoritie'') and some two-land expressways roads (''moottoriliikennetie'') in Finland. You can recognize these from the green signs. On these roads, you can hitch from on-ramps (which often have bus stops that drivers will stop at) and [[petrol station hitchhiking|petrol stations]]. The cars cannot stop in crossing areas, and some drivers who disobeyed this rule and picked up hitchhikers have been fined.
  
Since Finland mostly lacks a motorway network, most of the hitchhiking happens in the "classical manner", standing thumb up on roadside. While doing this, be aware that the Finnish drivers are a lot more careful in traffic than drivers elsewhere in Europe. They will only stop if the place is super-safe. This means a bus stop or similar. Even if there is a bus-stop-sized widening in the road, it does not help if it is unpaved.. Travellers not taking this into account has caused Finland to be known among foreigners as a difficult country to hitchhike, although it isn't actually worse than other western countries if you get around the culture of requiring crazy amounts of safety.
+
In the south, it is a good idea to avoid motorways and opt for smaller local roads. Though there is less traffic, there is more room for cars to stop. Finnish drivers will only stop where they feel it is safe, so try to thumb at bus stops.
 
__TOC__
 
__TOC__
[[File:Erga-camping-in-finland.jpg|thumb|250px|right|[[Camping]] is legal almost anywhere in Finland, just stay slightly out of sight and you can even camp next to [[motorways]].]]
+
*I disagree with most of the above. See the [http://hitchwiki.org/en/Talk:Finland Talk-page].--[[User:Astikain|Astikain]] 14:40, 6 September 2012 (CEST)
  
=== Cities ===
+
=== Regions ===
* [[Espoo]]
+
[[File:Finland european roads.png|thumb|250px|Finnish motorways (blue) with their European numbers and national roads (red and yellow)]]
* [[Hämeenlinna]]
+
[[File:Erga-and-a-friendly-finnish-man.jpg|thumb|240px|right|Hitchhiker Erga and a friendly Finnish driver]]
* [[Helsinki]]
+
[[File:Erga-camping-in-finland.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Find info on camping on [[:nomad:Finland|Nomadwiki]]]]
* [[Joensuu]]
+
* [[Lapland]]
* [[Jyväskylä]]
+
 
* [[Kuopio]]
+
== Safety ==
* [[Lahti]]
+
Hitchhiking is quite safe in Finland. As always, common sense is your friend.
* [[Oulu]]
 
* [[Pori]]
 
* [[Seinäjoki]]
 
* [[Tampere]]
 
* [[Turku]]
 
  
=== Other areas ===
+
== Culture ==
* [[Lapland]]
+
Hitchhiking used to be popular in the 70's and 80's, and many drivers will tell the hitchhiker(s) they've hitched themselves back in their days. Nowadays this practice is rather rare among Finns, but there are always some, especially in summer time around music festivals. Hitching in Finland might be difficult during the [[winter]] time because lack of daylight. The weather differences in Finland seem to effect greatly how well people pick you up. Sunny weather might help you a great deal because it makes people more happy and open-minded.
  
Stands back from the keyboard in amazmenet! Thanks!
+
Hitchhiking seems to get easier the more North you go in Finland, because towns get smaller and people feel more open to help others. However, the highways are better in the South and there is more traffic.
  
 
== Language ==
 
== Language ==
The language most people in Finland speak is Finnish which isn't a Scandinavian language. The country is officially bilingual as there is a large Swedish-speaking minority on the west coast of Finland. Anyhow, most of the people speak good English, too, so most of the foreign hitchhikers won't have big language problems in Finland.
+
The language most people in Finland speak is Finnish which isn't a Scandinavian language. The country is officially bilingual as there is a large Swedish-speaking minority on the west coast of Finland. Most people speak English too, so most of the foreign hitchhikers won't have communication problems in Finland.
  
 
Some older people, however, might have no English language knowledge at all, so you might as well learn some basic Finnish phrases. Note, that with a knowledge of Swedish, however, you can come pretty far (it is useful all over Scandinavia).
 
Some older people, however, might have no English language knowledge at all, so you might as well learn some basic Finnish phrases. Note, that with a knowledge of Swedish, however, you can come pretty far (it is useful all over Scandinavia).
  
Useful Finnish expressions for hitchhikers:
+
====Useful Finnish expressions for hitchhikers====
 
 
 
* Hello = '''Terve'''
 
* Hello = '''Terve'''
 
* Hi = '''Moi''' ''or'' '''Hei'''
 
* Hi = '''Moi''' ''or'' '''Hei'''
Line 47: Line 42:
 
* To hitchhike = '''Liftata'''  
 
* To hitchhike = '''Liftata'''  
 
* A ride = '''Kyyti'''
 
* A ride = '''Kyyti'''
* Thank you = '''Kiitos'''
+
* Thank you very much = '''Kiitos paljon'''
 
* Where are you driving to? = '''Minne ajat?'''
 
* Where are you driving to? = '''Minne ajat?'''
 
+
* I don't speak Finnish = '''En puhu suomea'''
== Safety ==
 
Hitchhiking is quite safe in Finland. As always, common sense is your friend.
 
 
 
== Legal matters for hitchhikers ==
 
Hitchhiking is legal in Finland. Anyhow, there are some places where it is illegal for the cars to stop, and some places where it is illegal for pedestrians to stand. Both of these make hitchhiking illegal de facto in these places.
 
 
 
[[File:Finland european roads.png|thumb|250px|Finnish motorways (blue) with their European numbers and national roads (red and yellow)]]
 
 
 
== Motorways ==
 
[[File:Finnish_motorway_sign_561.png|left|60px]]
 
It is illegal to hitchhike on the motorways (called “moottoritie”) and some motorways (“moottoriliikennetie”) in Finland. You can recognize these from the green signs.
 
 
 
The cars can not stop in crossing areas, and some cars not obeying this rule and taking hitchhikers on board are known to be fined.
 
 
 
Hitching on the motorways and two lane expressways is prohibited. On any other motorway you can legally hitch. You can also hitchhike at the motorway on-ramps, and at the motorway [[petrol station]]s' areas. Basically, same rules as in countries in Western Europe and in most states of the [[USA]].
 
 
 
== Culture ==
 
Hitchhiking used to be popular in the 70's and 80's, and many drivers will tell the hitchhiker(s) they've hitched themselves back in their days. Nowadays this practice is rather rare among Finns, but there are always some, especially in summer time, when local hitchers get inspired by European backpackers heading to [[Lapland]].  Hitching in Finland is much more difficult/impossible in late autumn and winter simply because people do not stop.
 
  
 
== Links ==
 
== Links ==
 +
{{nomadwiki}}
 
* [[:fi:Etusivu|Finnish Hitchwiki]]
 
* [[:fi:Etusivu|Finnish Hitchwiki]]
* [http://www.liftari.org/ Finnish hitchhiker's club] − the site is mostly in Finnish but there is [http://www.liftari.org/groups/in-english/ an English section].
 
 
* IRC Channel [[Liftari @ IRCnet]]
 
* IRC Channel [[Liftari @ IRCnet]]
 +
* [https://www.facebook.com/groups/liftarit/ Finnish hitchhikers FB group]
 
* [http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/u/kjokisal/liftaus/ Hitchhiker's guide to Europe] − a hitchhiking site by a Finn
 
* [http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/u/kjokisal/liftaus/ Hitchhiker's guide to Europe] − a hitchhiking site by a Finn
 
* [http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/u/ssmoland/peukalo/ Liftausvinkkejä] − hitchhiking tips in Finnish
 
* [http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/u/ssmoland/peukalo/ Liftausvinkkejä] − hitchhiking tips in Finnish
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=ZY_XZW9AtYgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=finland Lonely Planet − Finland eBook (2003) ''preview'']
+
{{wikipedia-link}}
[[trash:Finland]]
 
[[wikipedia:Finland]]
 
  
 +
{{Cities Finland}}
 +
{{Template:Europe/countries}}
 
{{IsIn|Scandinavia}}
 
{{IsIn|Scandinavia}}
{{Template:Europe/countries}}
 
  
 
[[Category:Finland| ]]
 
[[Category:Finland| ]]

Latest revision as of 21:33, 4 October 2017

Flag of Finland Finland
Information
Language: Finnish, Swedish; recognised regional languages: Sami
Capital: Helsinki
Population: 5,301,701
Currency: Euro (€)
Hitchability: <rating country='fi' />
Meet fellow hitchhikers on Trustroots or BeWelcome
<map lat='64.8' lng='25.9' zoom='4' view='0' width='300' height='350' country='Finland'/>

Finland is a part of the Northern Europe and one of the Nordic countries. It is a member state of the European Union as well as the Schengen Agreement. Its neighbouring countries are Sweden, Norway and Russia, but the most probable transit country on your way hitchhiking there from Southern Europe is Estonia as the Via Baltica (E67) road connects Finland with Prague via the Baltic States and Poland.

It is illegal to hitchhike directly on motorways (moottoritie) and some two-land expressways roads (moottoriliikennetie) in Finland. You can recognize these from the green signs. On these roads, you can hitch from on-ramps (which often have bus stops that drivers will stop at) and petrol stations. The cars cannot stop in crossing areas, and some drivers who disobeyed this rule and picked up hitchhikers have been fined.

In the south, it is a good idea to avoid motorways and opt for smaller local roads. Though there is less traffic, there is more room for cars to stop. Finnish drivers will only stop where they feel it is safe, so try to thumb at bus stops.

  • I disagree with most of the above. See the Talk-page.--Astikain 14:40, 6 September 2012 (CEST)

Regions

Finnish motorways (blue) with their European numbers and national roads (red and yellow)
Hitchhiker Erga and a friendly Finnish driver
Find info on camping on Nomadwiki

Safety

Hitchhiking is quite safe in Finland. As always, common sense is your friend.

Culture

Hitchhiking used to be popular in the 70's and 80's, and many drivers will tell the hitchhiker(s) they've hitched themselves back in their days. Nowadays this practice is rather rare among Finns, but there are always some, especially in summer time around music festivals. Hitching in Finland might be difficult during the winter time because lack of daylight. The weather differences in Finland seem to effect greatly how well people pick you up. Sunny weather might help you a great deal because it makes people more happy and open-minded.

Hitchhiking seems to get easier the more North you go in Finland, because towns get smaller and people feel more open to help others. However, the highways are better in the South and there is more traffic.

Language

The language most people in Finland speak is Finnish which isn't a Scandinavian language. The country is officially bilingual as there is a large Swedish-speaking minority on the west coast of Finland. Most people speak English too, so most of the foreign hitchhikers won't have communication problems in Finland.

Some older people, however, might have no English language knowledge at all, so you might as well learn some basic Finnish phrases. Note, that with a knowledge of Swedish, however, you can come pretty far (it is useful all over Scandinavia).

Useful Finnish expressions for hitchhikers

  • Hello = Terve
  • Hi = Moi or Hei
  • Hitchhiking = Liftaaminen
  • To hitchhike = Liftata
  • A ride = Kyyti
  • Thank you very much = Kiitos paljon
  • Where are you driving to? = Minne ajat?
  • I don't speak Finnish = En puhu suomea

Links

Check Nomadwiki for info on visa, accommodation, showers, food, internet access, public transport, busking, places to visit or Trashwiki for dumpsters .. and share your wisdom :)

WikipediaW.png Wikipedia has additional encyclopedic information on Finland


Finnish cities with more than 20.000 inhabitants

> 500.000: Helsinki

100.000-500.000: TampereEspooVantaaTurkuJyväskyläOuluLahtiKuopio

50.000-100.000: PoriSeinäjokiHämeenlinnaRovaniemiVaasaLappeenrantaKouvolaKotkaSalo

20.000-50.000: MikkeliPorvooKokkolaHyvinkääNurmijärviLohjaRaumaJärvenpääKajaaniTuusulaKirkkonummiKeravaNokiaKaarinaYlöjärviKangasalaRaseborgRiihimäkiImatraVihtiSavonlinnaSastamalaRaisioVarkausJämsäKemiRaaheTornioIisalmiHollolaHaminaSiilinjärviValkeakoskiLempääläÄänekoskiHeinolaMäntsälä

Countries of Europe