|Currency:||Sudanese pound (SDG)|
|Hitchability:||<rating country='sd' />|
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It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The famous river Nile divides the country into eastern and western halves. The majority of the Sudanese people are Muslim.
HitchhikingHitchhiking is very common in Sudan, especially outside Khartoum, where public transport tends to be scarce. Often a symbolic payment is typically expected, except for the region around Khartoum. You need a travel permit from the Ministry of Tourism (which will be issued for free) to travel outside the capital. You will be asked to show a copy of the permit at every police checkpoint you pass. Some sources claim that the permit is not required anymore for tourists travelling in the North, but this information did not arrive at the police at the checkpoints, so it's best to have a permit to show. Make copies of your travel permit to hand them to police, so that you don't need to give the original away.
Hitching is generally easy, although many of the citizens do not understand the concept of hitching, so it is best to say you are having money problems. On roads with trade and freight, you should easily be able to pick up a lorry. On minor roads, such as those heading north, often the only traffic will be with minibuses. These are modern, air conditioned and pretty reasonable.
Police checkpoints are very common in Sudan. Every town and city has a police check-point on the outskirts and they are especially around Khartoum and in the border regions. These checkpoints act as road blocks and can cause problems to the plucky hitcher. It was often the case that the police would just put you on a passing bus for no charge. The police are very helpful and warm, so long as all your permits are in order.
- The border to Chad is closed (July 13th, 2009).
- The border to Eritrea is closed (July 13th, 2009) except for Sudanese citizens.
- The border to Libya is closed (June 29th, 2010).
- The border to Egypt is open, but only on one single checkpoint (Wadi Halfa border crossing) or by boat via the Aswan Lake.
- The border to Ethiopia is open at the checkpoint near Gedaref
There are a lot of unsolved conflicts in Sudan, also there are landmines in almost every border region. Due to high crime rates and escalating conflicts hitchhiking in Sudan can be dangerous, especially in the western region of Darfur. Don't cross borders illegally because of landmines and the risk of being imprisoned for a long time.
Be careful when taking photos of official buildings you may be arrested as a spy. Getting arrested in Sudan is relatively commonplace, so don't be alarmed if it happens to you. They will take your details and release you shortly with matters such as photographs.
The rest of the country, especially the north, is much safer and the biggest danger here will be the extraordinary midday heat. Stay sheltered and well hydrated. Always carry plenty of water and snacks on you.
Almost everywhere in Sudan you will find terracotta water vessels in the cool shade of big trees, with a communal cup. These are great in emergency situations or, if your stomach is hardy, for general drinking water.
A lot of coffee stands or shops will have threadbare beds which you will be invited to rest on during the heat of the day.
It is possible to get a Sudanese visa in only one day at the Sudanese Embassy in Cairo, Egypt, for 100 US-$, or from Aswan, for 50 US Dollar. The visa will take one day in Cairo and between four days and a week in Aswan.
It is also possible to attain a Transit Visa in Kampala, Uganda from the Sudanese Embassy. It is valid for 2 weeks (in three months), is about 60 US-$, takes 3 days and is surprisingly straightforward to apply for.